December 2021


For lymphedema patients, one of the best garments that they can wear, which can help them to protect against the lymphatic fluids that can harm their body, is none other than compression garments. Compression garments itself mean applying pressure in whichever area of the body it is used, whether you are using the garments in the hands, or arms or chest or legs, etc. It is made in such a fashion that it helps the lymph fluids to flow in the proper direction. Apart from that, one of the things that you should know is that the lymphatic tubes are beneath the surface of the skin only. Plus, the use of compression garments and their help in curing lymphedema are yet to be researched and studied. But, the doctors have found out that in some or the other way compressive garments help the lymphedema patients to get rid of the lymphatic fluids getting collected in various body parts like arms, legs, bums, and other areas like shoulders, etc.

About Compression Garments

One of the best things that you will know about compression garments for lymphedema is that compression garments are made with a material that is mostly elastic and can stretch to any extent. In addition, it has tightness due to which the lymphatic fluids are forced to move freely into any direction in the body rather than getting accumulated. Apart from that, you can get the compression fabric in different materials like that of wool or latex or some softer. You can get the fabric in a stiff material too. Also, if you have just started seeing the signs of lymphedema, then the first thing that you are supposed to do is consult a doctor, after that use the compression garment which the doctor will suggest to you. You can also use the sleeve compression garment. If you are having lymphedema that is in stage 2 or stage 3 then you would need therapy. In addition, with physiotherapy, you would be required to wear the compression garment, so that you get better results from the treatment.

Detecting Lymphedema – 

Your doctor will tell you whether you have to wear the compression garment for the whole day or part of the day or when you are going outdoors etc. Certain ways are there in which you can identify lymphedema. The first and the foremost possible sign of lymphedema is swelling in the area of the limb. You can also find swelling towards the foot and its backside and the lower limb. Apart from that, some other signs are tension in the body and alteration in the motion or gesture, also your skin may become thick and hard, and certain skin inflammation or diseases that keep recurring. Certain kind of infections that is caused by insect bites, or wounds of severe nature, burns of serious nature that has affected the lymphatic system are the reasons for the causes of Lymphedema.

Causes of the Disease and Doctor – 

Other causes for the rise of this disease are obesity, injury, cancer treatment radiation, or tumor, etc. due to which this disease or illness or medical condition develops. To cure the disease of lymphedema, it is very important that you first see a specialist for these lymphatic symptoms. Apart from that, you can also see an orthopedic, so that you can take some medicines or ointments from them regarding your lymphatic conditions. The areas of the body enlarge due to the lymphatic fluids, which are protein-rich, and it gets stored in the soft tissues and causes inflammation. This damages the lymphatic system due to which the immune system is also affected. So, you should always treat your skin disorders and take care of the skin.

Liposuction is a procedural treatment that removes fat from the abdomen, thighs, neck, and arms using an invasive method. There is, however, another technique to lose weight that does not require surgery or even downtime. Non-invasive laser lipo is a process that uses laser energy instead of incisions to slim the body swiftly and with little effort on the patient’s part.

To know more, here’s a brief overview of laser lipo.

How Does Laser Lipo Work?

The laser lipo device emits low levels of infrared light, which penetrates the skin and fat cells. The heat from the laser then liquefies the fat inside the cells so that the body can easily eliminate it.

The procedure for laser light lipo in Davie is comfortable, and patients can return to their normal activities immediately after the treatment. There is no pain, bruising, or swelling associated with laser lipo. In most cases, a single treatment is needed to achieve significant results.

Laser lipo is not a new technology – it has been used for years in dermatology practices to tighten and smooth the face, neck, arms, and hands.

What Makes Laser Lipo More Effective Than Other Fat Loss Treatments?

Laser liposuction uses a precise laser beam to make small burns in body fat cells without harming surrounding tissue or organs. A vacuum sucks out liquefied fat from these small burns.

Laser lipo is also effective in treating areas of the body that are resistant to diet and exercise, such as the stomach and love handles. And because there is no surgery involved, patients can resume their normal activities immediately after treatment.

Also, read 5 Benefits of Laser Lipo Light.

How Much Does Laser Lipo Cost?

The cost of laser liposuction will vary depending on the size and number of treated areas. It further varies on the fat that needs to be removed and the clinic where you perform the treatment. Also, a single laser lipo session can remove up to four inches of fat, so most people require two or three treatments for optimal results. However, individual results may vary.

If you’re looking for a non-invasive and cost-effective way to burn fat quickly, laser lipo may be the right treatment for you.

To Sum It Up

Laser lipo is a safe and effective procedural treatment to burn fat in the body. If you are looking to get one done, contact your doctor right away!

With the legalization of cannabis across various states, we are seeing a rise in the popularity of concentrates. They are easy to use as an alternative to smoking Cannabis leaves or other parts.

To obtain high-quality concentrates, you have to do cannabis extraction for the same. The extraction process varies greatly, but the basic idea remains the same. Extracting oils from the cannabis flower itself.

What most people don’t realize is how the cannabis extraction process works. There are many ways to produce these concentrates, and it can be hard for a novice grower to know exactly what equipment to buy and how to get the most out of their extractions.

Exciting advances are happening in the cannabis industry daily, leading us to wonder if ditching the green and going corporate is the right way. As science and technology merge, they also intersect in cannabis extraction.

When learning about cannabis extraction, it’s important to understand the different extraction methods. It is crucial for the success of your business that you choose the type of extraction method that fits your needs best.

There are a few different techniques available for cannabis extraction, but alcohol is likely one of the easiest extraction techniques you can use at home.

This article delves into the details on what you need to know about cannabis extraction as we delve right into how it works, how it affects us, and how to keep your body safe.

Alcohol Extraction

Alcohol extraction has been around for a long time, and back in the day, it was the only way to extract cannabinoids without chemical solvents.

While ethanol is a great solvent and works well when extracting THC and CBD, there has been some debate as to whether or not it can effectively pull out all the beneficial molecules found in cannabis.

Alcohol is also harsh on your lungs when using butane or other hydrocarbon-based gases. It essentially swells up the membranes of your lungs, making it very hard to breathe.

The ethanol extraction process begins by grinding the cannabis down into a fine powder.

Butane Extraction

Ethanol extraction was used historically due to its ease of access and relatively low cost. However, in recent years as recreational marijuana has become legal in more states, butane has become the most common solvent used for cannabis oil extraction.

This is because it is less flammable than ethanol and easier to handle than hydrocarbons. Since the advent of concentrates, many have migrated to cannabis extraction practices that reduce the plant material needed to produce pure cannabinoids.

Butane extractions remain the industry standard for speed and ease of use. Although this method can be dangerous, there are many precautions you can take to ensure your process is safe.


It remains to be seen what the full effects of the legalization landscape will be on the market for cannabis extraction.

With new and innovative extraction equipment becoming available, cannabis extractions will continue to improve and refine depending on the needs of cannabis producers.

This, in turn, will lead towards better and more refined solvent options, ensuring safer conditions for extraction and production.

Even with a healthy diet and routine exercise, lots of people find it frustrating to slim down their faces. Although others have a natural round-shaped face, stress, genetics, medications, and numerous other factors could also influence the face’s contours, making it nearly impossible to change.

Some choose surgery, although there are others who can’t (or prefer not to). Fortunately, there are various face slimming treatment choices to assist you in achieving a slimmer face without going under the knife. Below are the best non-invasive techniques for a sexier, slimmer face.

Dermal Fillers

Using dermal fillers to make your face seem slimmer may appear unreasonable. After all, fillers are often used to add more volume. However, they could make your face look more sculpted and youthful, reduce wrinkles and fine lines, and replace the volume loss due to aging. Aside from giving you a rejuvenated look like when you were in your youth, putting fillers in regions where your cheeks are commonly contoured using makeup could assist in re-sculpting your whole face for a more lifted look.

Your cheeks and facial skin naturally begin to sag as you get old. A dermal filler injection could rectify volume loss because of muscle and fat volume loss while also offering contour, particularly in the jowl region near the mouth. Putting filler could increase volume to the face, help reshape the face and make you appear young-looking and more angular in guys.

Fillers are a good face slimming treatment option to have a slimmer face without going under the knife. Fillers could last for months and, based on the filler type used, might be able to be undone if you’re not appeased with the results. Compared to fillers, surgery is a permanent solution and can’t be fixed easily if the results are not satisfying. Fillers are suitable for men and women and could be used on different areas of the face to provide more definition and contour.

By filling in the jawline, jawline fillers could help trim your face and give it a sculpted, beautiful look. This procedure would also aid in the lifting of your saggy neck.

Contrary to popular belief, Fillers help trim and define your face rather than making it seem fuller. The soft tissues are lifted like a liquid facelift as you give your face more definition. Fillers can be used to lengthen your chin, and BTX treatments can be used to thin down your square jawline.

In combination with fillers, BTX treatments are a terrific non-invasive cosmetic option to get the best results. BTX is used to relax your muscles that generate wrinkles and fine lines, while fillers plump up and shape the skin. When the two procedures are combined, the skin is lifted and smoothed, giving it a younger, slimmer look. This treatment is suitable for a wide spectrum of individuals. If you have defined cheekbones since birth but have recently realized that your face has grown droopy, it may benefit you. It might also help you if your face is rounded but always desired more defined cheekbones and a heart or heart face shape.

Many women desire a V-shaped face. For Asian ladies, this is particularly true. The jawline can become square formed because of overdeveloped masseter muscles, which are responsible for chewing the food. These muscles contract up or grind the teeth, resulting in a square jawline.

While some people appear well with this face shape, it is not suitable for everyone. BTX could help relax the stiff muscles in the masseter, causing them to loosen and shrink, giving the face a narrower appearance. Fillers help extend the face and form it to a heart shape by filling in any gaps around the chin and the jawline. Combining fillers and BTX might help create a more V-shape appearance.

Hospital-acquired infection (HAI) is a term that is now widely used interchangeably with nosocomial infection.

A nosocomial infection is shortened because of a toxin or condition in a definite place, Like a hospital. For an HAI, the disease should not exist before somebody has been taking medical care. In hospitals, the ward where HAIs occur most commonly is ICU (intensive Care Unit). It is because doctors treat the most dangerous disease there. HAI is associated with mortality, morbidity, and hospital cost.

As antibiotic resistance will increase and medical care gets more complex, the cases of HAI will increase automatically. But you can prevent the HAIs in several ways. In this article, I have discussed the prevention of hospital-acquired infection. Read further to know more about it.


According to WHO, HAIs are defined as “An infection acquired in hospital by a patient who was admitted for a reason other than that infection.

Infection occurs in a patient in a hospital or other health care facility in whom the condition was not present or incubating at the time of admission.

This includes infections acquired in the hospital but appearing after discharge, and occupational illnesses among the facility staff”.


For HAI, infection is expected to occur:

  • For about 48 hours after entry
  • For almost three days after discharge
  • For nearly 30 days after surgery
  • In the event of hospitalization for a reason other than infectious.

Symptoms of HAIs depend on the type.

The most common types of IAS are:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Infections of Surgical site
  • Meningitis
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Pneumonia

Symptoms include:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Discharge from the wound
  • Shortness of breath
  • Burning while urination or difficulty urinating
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

People who develop new symptoms during their stay may also be sick and itchy at the site of infection. Many people have visible signs.


Bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause HAIs. Bacteria alone account for about 90% of these cases. Many people with a weak immune system are in hospital and are more likely to get infected. The common bacteria causing HAIs are:

  A B
1 Bacteria Type of Infection
2 Enterococci Blood, UTI, Wound
3 Escherichia coli (E. coli) UTI
4 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) Blood
5  Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) Kidney, UTI, Respiratory

Pseudomonas aeruginosa accounts for 11% of HAIs and is associated with high mortality and morbidity.

Bacteria, viruses, and fungi are usually spread by person-to-person contact. This includes dirty hands and medical equipment such as catheters, ventilators, and other hospital equipment. HAI infections also increase with excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics. This can lead to conditions that are resistant to many antibiotics.


The treatment for these diseases depends on the type of disease. The doctors in Hospitals of Pakistan may recommend antibiotics and sedatives. Also, remove external devices such as catheters as soon as treatment is needed. To promote healing and prevent dehydration, doctors recommend healthy eating, nutrition, and rest.

Prevention of Hospital Acquired Infection (HAI)

Wash Your Hands

Hand washing should be the basis for reducing HAIs. Wash your hands for 20 seconds with warm water and soap. In addition, people in the facility and all staff members should be encouraged to wash their hands when:

  • Drinking
  • Eating
  • Providing care
  • Treating patients.

 Establish a Disease Control Policy

Infectious disease regulations indicate which patients are at risk of getting or contracting HAI. The policy should include information about when patients should be cautious about avoiding contact with other patients and staff.

Diagnose the Disease as soon as possible

Highly contagious diseases, such as Clostridium difficile (c. Diff), should be identified as soon as possible. For example, all patients with diarrhea admitted to the hospital should be tested immediately.

Provide Training on Infection Control

Workers need to know how to identify infectious diseases and prevent their spread. Therefore, organizations must have regular and repeated training in the management of infectious diseases.

Use Gloves

Physicians should not wear gloves when interacting with patients. However, gloves should be worn if there is contact with blood or body fluids.

Provide Appropriate Equipment for Isolation

It includes waterproof clothing, gloves, shoe covers, masks, and face masks. Appropriate isolation equipment should be available if the patient has an infectious disease.

Keep the Surface Clean and Disinfectant

Between patients, all rooms in the hospital should be thoroughly cleaned with disinfectant. This helps prevent the spread of infection when new patients are admitted to the hospital.

Prevent the Patient from Walking without Slippers

Although no one likes to wear shoes when sick, all patients should be encouraged to wear sandals or non-abrasive socks when walking around the hospital.

Change sheets daily and when dirty.

Sheets should be thoroughly disinfected and washed in the laundry room and should not be left on the patient’s bed for long periods.

Store Foods at Room Temperature

Most hospitals and clinics have a refrigerator for patient snacks on the ward. For food safety reasons, the temperature of these products should be checked for any changes. Patients should be encouraged to eat immediately upon arrival.

If you are visiting and one of your loved ones is in one of the Aga Khan Hospital, and you are worried about acquiring HAIs, you should take preventive measures. Or if you are struggling to find the bestHospitals in Pakitan, you can find one through Marham.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1- What is the prevention and control of nosocomial infections?

They can be controlled by applying disease control measures, identifying antibiotics, preventing infections, and applying antibiotics.

2- What are the main modes of transmission of the disease?

The transmission of bacteria can be divided into five modes:

  • Fomites
  • Direct contact
  • Oral (ingestion)
  • Aerosol (airborne)
  • Vector-borne

3- What are the three ways to control the spread of the disease?

These include:

  • Wash your hands and cough manners.
  • Use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Safe use and disposal of sharps.