Women’s Health Bulletin

Published by: Kowsar

The Relationship Between Job Characteristics and Work-Family Conflict Among Married Women Employed in Clinical Wards of Shiraz University-Affiliated Hospitals

Alireza Mooghali 1 , Kamran Bagheri Lankarani 2 , Hamideh Abedi 1 , * and Yaser Sarikhani 3
Authors Information
1 Payame Noor University, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
3 Research Center for Social Determinant of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, IR Iran
Article information
  • Women's Health Bulletin: January 30, 2015, 2 (1); e25141
  • Published Online: December 15, 2014
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 5, 2014
  • Accepted: November 16, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/whb-25141

To Cite: Mooghali A, Bagheri Lankarani K, Abedi H, Sarikhani Y. The Relationship Between Job Characteristics and Work-Family Conflict Among Married Women Employed in Clinical Wards of Shiraz University-Affiliated Hospitals, Women Health Bull. 2015 ; 2(1):e25141. doi: 10.17795/whb-25141.

Copyright © 2014, Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Whitely W, England GW. Managerial values as a reflection of culture and the process of industrialization. Acad Manag J. 1977; 20(3): 439-53[DOI]
  • 2. Greenhaus JH, Beutell NJ. Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Acad Manag Rev . 1985; 10(1): 76-88[DOI]
  • 3. Marks SR. Multiple roles and role strain: Some notes on human energy, time and commitment. Am Sociol Rev. 1977; : 921-36
  • 4. Sieber SD. Toward a theory of role accumulation. Am Sociol Rev. 1974; : 567-78[DOI]
  • 5. Ashforth BE, Kreiner GE, Fugate M. All in a day's work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Am Sociol Rev. 2000; 25(3): 472-91[DOI]
  • 6. Edwards JR, Rothbard NP. Mechanisms linking work and family: Clarifying the relationship between work and family constructs. Am Sociol Rev. 2000; 25(1): 178-99[DOI]
  • 7. Eagle BW, Miles EW, Icenogle ML. Interrole conflicts and the permeability of work and family domains: Are there gender differences? J Vocat Behav . 1997; 50(2): 168-84[DOI]
  • 8. Frone MR, Russell M, Cooper ML. Prevalence of work‐family conflict: Are work and family boundaries asymmetrically permeable? J Organ Behav. 1992; 13(7): 723-9[DOI]
  • 9. Geurts SAE, Kompier MAJ, Roxburgh S, Houtman ILD. Does work–home interference mediate the relationship between workload and well-being? J Vocat Behav. 2003; 63(3): 532-59[DOI]
  • 10. Kinnunen U, Mauno S. Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict among employed women and men in Finland. Human Relations. 1998; 51(2): 157-77[DOI]
  • 11. Adler N, Izraeli DN. Competitive Frontiers: Women Managers in a Global Economy. 1994;
  • 12. Barnett RC, Hyde JS. Women, men, work, and family. Am Psychol. 2001; 56(10): 781[DOI]
  • 13. Cranwell Ward J, Abbey A. Organizational stress. 2005;
  • 14. Burke RJ. Some antecedents and consequences of work-family conflict. J Soc Behav Pers. 1988; 3(4): 278-302
  • 15. Evans P, Bartolome F. The changing pictures of the relationship between career and family. J Organ Behav. 1984; 5(1): 9-21[DOI]
  • 16. Zedeck S, Mosier KL. Work in the family and employing organization. Am Psychol. 1990; 45(2): 240[DOI]
  • 17. Gutek BA, Searle S, Klepa L. Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflict. J Appl Psychol. 1991; 76(4): 560-8[DOI]
  • 18. Hackman JR, Oldham GR. Development of the Job Diagnostic Survey. J Appl Psychol. 1975; 60(2): 159-70[DOI]
  • 19. Bakker AB, Demerouti E, de Boer E, Schaufeli WB. Job demands and job resources as predictors of absence duration and frequency. J Vocat Behav. 2003; 62(2): 341-56[DOI]
  • 20. Bakker AB, Demerouti E, Verbeke W. Using the job demands-resources model to predict burnout and performance. Human Resour Manag. 2004; 43(1): 83-104[DOI]
  • 21. Demerouti E, Bakker AB, Nachreiner F, Schaufeli WB. The job demands-resources model of burnout. J Appl Psychol. 2001; 86(3): 499-512[PubMed]
  • 22. Yildirim D, Aycan Z. Nurses' work demands and work-family conflict: a questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2008; 45(9): 1366-78[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Anderson SE, Coffey BS, Byerly RT. Formal Organizational Initiatives and Informal Workplace Practices: Links to Work-Family Conflict and Job-Related Outcomes. J Manag. 2002; 28(6): 787-810[DOI]
  • 24. Burke RJ, Greenglass ER. Hospital restructuring stressors, work—family concerns and psychological well-being among nursing staff. Community Work Fam. 2001; 4(1): 49-62[DOI]
  • 25. Michel JS, Mitchelson JK, Pichler S, Cullen KL. Clarifying relationships among work and family social support, stressors, and work–family conflict. J Vocat Behav. 2010; 76(1): 91-104[DOI]
  • 26. Adkins CL, Premeaux SF. Spending time: The impact of hours worked on work–family conflict. J Vocat Behav. 2012; 80(2): 380-9[DOI]
  • 27. Byron K. A meta-analytic review of work–family conflict and its antecedents. J Vocat Behav. 2005; 67(2): 169-98[DOI]
  • 28. Eby LT, Casper WJ, Lockwood A, Bordeaux C, Brinley A. Work and family research in IO/OB: Content analysis and review of the literature (1980–2002). J Vocat Behav. 2005; 66(1): 124-97[DOI]
  • 29. Lobel SA. Allocation of Investment in Work and Family Roles: Alternative Theories and Implications for Research. Acad Manage Rev. 1991; 16(3): 507-21[DOI]
  • 30. Antoniou ASG, Cooper CL. Research companion to organizational health psychology. 2005; [DOI]
  • 31. Voydanoff P. Work Role Characteristics, Family Structure Demands, and Work/Family Conflict. J Marriage Fam. 1988; 50(3): 749[DOI]
  • 32. Higgins CA, Duxbury LE. Work—family conflict: A comparison of dual-career and traditional-career men. J Organ Behav. 1992; 13(4): 389-411[DOI]
  • 33. Van der Doef M, Maes S. The job demand-control (-support) model and psychological well-being: a review of 20 years of empirical research. Work stress. 1999; 13(2): 87-114[DOI]
  • 34. Kelloway EK, Gottlieb BH, Barham L. The source, nature, and direction of work and family conflict: a longitudinal investigation. J Occup Health Psychol. 1999; 4(4): 337-46[PubMed]
  • 35. Aryee S. Antecedents and Outcomes of Work-Family Conflict Among Married Professional Women: Evidence from Singapore. Human Relations. 1992; 45(8): 813-37[DOI]
  • 36. Goode WJ. A Theory of Role Strain. Am Sociol Rev. 1960; 25(4): 483[DOI]
  • 37. Fuss I, Nubling M, Hasselhorn HM, Schwappach D, Rieger MA. Working conditions and Work-Family Conflict in German hospital physicians: psychosocial and organisational predictors and consequences. BMC Public Health. 2008; 8: 353[DOI][PubMed]
  • 38. Casper WJ, Harris C, Taylor-Bianco A, Wayne JH. Work–family conflict, perceived supervisor support and organizational commitment among Brazilian professionals. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2011; 79(3): 640-52[DOI]
  • 39. Blanch A, Aluja A. Work, family and personality: A study of work–family conflict. Personality and Individual Differences. 2009; 46(4): 520-4[DOI]
  • 40. Taylor BL. The relationship between work-family conflict/facilitation and perception of psychological contract fairness among Hispanic business professionals Dissertation Abstracts International. 2007; 68
  • 41. Frye NK, Breaugh JA. Family-friendly policies, supervisor support, work–family conflict, family–work conflict, and satisfaction: A test of a conceptual model. J Bus Psychol. 2004; 19(2): 197-220[DOI]
  • 42. Van Daalen G, Willemsen TM, Sanders K. Reducing work–family conflict through different sources of social support. J Vocat Behav. 2006; 69(3): 462-76[DOI]
  • 43. Hennessy KD. Work-family balance: An exploration of conflict and enrichment for women in a traditional occupation. 2007;
  • 44. Direnzo MS, Greenhaus JH, Weer CH. Job level, demands, and resources as antecedents of work–family conflict. J Vocat Behav. 2011; 78(2): 305-14[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments