Women’s Health Bulletin

Published by: Kowsar

Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and the HPV Vaccine Among Medical and Nursing Students of Duhok, Iraq

Wahida A Ibrahim 1 , Shameran Daniel 2 , Nawfal R Hussein 3 , Mahde Saleh Assafi 4 , * and Ramadan Othman 3
Authors Information
1 College of Nursing, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
2 Infection Control Department, Duhok, Iraq
3 Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
4 Department of Biology, School of Sciences, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
Article information
  • Women’s Health Bulletin: January 1, 2019, 6 (1); e87203
  • Published Online: January 19, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: December 8, 2018
  • Revised: January 13, 2019
  • Accepted: January 15, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/whb.87203

To Cite: Ibrahim W A, Daniel S, Hussein N R, Assafi M S, Othman R. Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and the HPV Vaccine Among Medical and Nursing Students of Duhok, Iraq, Women Health Bull. 2019 ; 6(1):e87203. doi: 10.5812/whb.87203.

Abstract
Copyright © 2019, Women’s Health Bulletin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Footnotes
References
  • 1. Ault KA. Epidemiology and natural history of human papillomavirus infections in the female genital tract. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2006;2006 Suppl:40470. doi: 10.1155/IDOG/2006/40470. [PubMed: 16967912]. [PubMed Central: PMC1581465].
  • 2. Partridge JM, Hughes JP, Feng Q, Winer RL, Weaver BA, Xi LF, et al. Genital human papillomavirus infection in men: Incidence and risk factors in a cohort of university students. J Infect Dis. 2007;196(8):1128-36. doi: 10.1086/521192. [PubMed: 17955430].
  • 3. Bosch FX, Broker TR, Forman D, Moscicki AB, Gillison ML, Doorbar J, et al. Comprehensive control of human papillomavirus infections and related diseases. Vaccine. 2013;31 Suppl 7:H1-31. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2013.10.003. [PubMed: 24332295].
  • 4. Stier EA, Sebring MC, Mendez AE, Ba FS, Trimble DD, Chiao EY. Prevalence of anal human papillomavirus infection and anal HPV-related disorders in women: A systematic review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015;213(3):278-309. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2015.03.034. [PubMed: 25797230]. [PubMed Central: PMC4556545].
  • 5. Othman RT, Abdulljabar R, Saeed A, Kittani SS, Sulaiman HM, Mohammed SA, et al. Cancer incidence rates in the Kurdistan region/Iraq from 2007-2009. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2011;12(5):1261-4. [PubMed: 21875278].
  • 6. Hussein NR, Balatay AA, Assafi MS, AlMufty TA. High risk human papilloma virus genotypes in Kurdistan region in patients with vaginal discharge. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016;17(7):3191-3. [PubMed: 27509950].
  • 7. Hawkes N. HPV vaccines are effective and safe and work best in young women, review finds. BMJ. 2018;361:k2059. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k2059. [PubMed: 29743169].
  • 8. de Martel C, Ferlay J, Franceschi S, Vignat J, Bray F, Forman D, et al. Global burden of cancers attributable to infections in 2008: A review and synthetic analysis. Lancet Oncol. 2012;13(6):607-15. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70137-7. [PubMed: 22575588].
  • 9. McCusker SM, Macqueen I, Lough G, Macdonald AI, Campbell C, Graham SV. Gaps in detailed knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) and the HPV vaccine among medical students in Scotland. BMC Public Health. 2013;13:264. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-264. [PubMed: 23521847]. [PubMed Central: PMC3614879].
  • 10. Walsh CD, Gera A, Shah M, Sharma A, Powell JE, Wilson S. Public knowledge and attitudes towards human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:368. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-368. [PubMed: 18947430]. [PubMed Central: PMC2579427].
  • 11. Gottvall M, Larsson M, Hoglund AT, Tyden T. High HPV vaccine acceptance despite low awareness among Swedish upper secondary school students. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2009;14(6):399-405. doi: 10.3109/13625180903229605. [PubMed: 19929642].
  • 12. Pelucchi C, Esposito S, Galeone C, Semino M, Sabatini C, Picciolli I, et al. Knowledge of human papillomavirus infection and its prevention among adolescents and parents in the greater Milan area, Northern Italy. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:378. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-378. [PubMed: 20584324]. [PubMed Central: PMC2901377].
  • 13. Samkange-Zeeb FN, Spallek L, Zeeb H. Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: A systematic review of published literature. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:727. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-727. [PubMed: 21943100]. [PubMed Central: PMC3189891].
  • 14. Hoglund AT, Tyden T, Hannerfors AK, Larsson M. Knowledge of human papillomavirus and attitudes to vaccination among Swedish high school students. Int J STD AIDS. 2009;20(2):102-7. doi: 10.1258/ijsa.2008.008200. [PubMed: 19182055].
  • 15. Rama CH, Villa LL, Pagliusi S, Andreoli MA, Costa MC, Aoki AL, et al. Awareness and knowledge of HPV, cervical cancer, and vaccines in young women after first delivery in Sao Paulo, Brazil: A cross-sectional study. BMC Womens Health. 2010;10:35. doi: 10.1186/1472-6874-10-35. [PubMed: 21176230]. [PubMed Central: PMC3022825].
  • 16. Nohr B, Munk C, Tryggvadottir L, Sparen P, Tran TN, Nygard M, et al. Awareness of human papillomavirus in a cohort of nearly 70,000 women from four Nordic countries. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2008;87(10):1048-54. doi: 10.1080/00016340802326373. [PubMed: 18763170].
  • 17. Tiro JA, Meissner HI, Kobrin S, Chollette V. What do women in the U.S. know about human papillomavirus and cervical cancer? Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007;16(2):288-94. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-06-0756. [PubMed: 17267388].
  • 18. Zhao FH, Tiggelaar SM, Hu SY, Zhao N, Hong Y, Niyazi M, et al. A multi-center survey of HPV knowledge and attitudes toward HPV vaccination among women, government officials, and medical personnel in China. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(5):2369-78. [PubMed: 22901224]. [PubMed Central: PMC5463422].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments