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Orthopaedic is one of the most complicated branches of medical science. It deals in bone, tissues, joints and other related aspects. An Orthopaedic is the specialist who deals in this domain of medical science. Besides, those who are suffering from chronic ailments like arthritis and something as serious as slip disk, need the attention on an Orthopaedic expert. Thankfully, medical science has made remarkable progress over the last couple of decades, and with new and more advanced treatment mechanisms; something as serious and complicated like neck femur fracture can be treated. However, in order to make sure that a top-class treatment is being administered; it is absolutely essential to be treated by a top rated orthopaedic specialist or an orthopaedic expert witness.

What are the Specialities of an Orthopaedic?

There are tons of different issues which come within the scope of support of an Orthopaedic specialist. As mentioned, they deal in injuries and issues related to bone, tissue and joints. They have the skills and expertise to treat all sorts of issues related these. Here is a brief insight into some of the specialities of an Orthopaedic

  • Adipocyte (Fat) Derived Stem Cell injections for osteoarthritis
  • ACL reconstruction
  • Allograft (cadaver) cartilage implantation
  • Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair
  • Arthroscopic repair of ligaments after shoulder dislocation (Bankart repair)
  • Elbow arthroscopy
  • Autologous cartilage implantation (Carticel implantation)
  • Multiple knee ligament reconstruction (ACL, PCL, LCL, MCL)
  • Knee arthroscopy
  • Platelet rich plasma injections
  • Partial or Total shoulder replacement
  • Shoulder arthroscopy
  • Reconstruction of damaged cartilage in the knee, elbow, shoulder and ankle
  • Tennis elbow release
  • Shoulder reconstruction
  • Tommy John procedure

Apart from these, there are various other kinds of surgeries and treatment which an Orthopedic expert needs to take care of. Sports injury is a very common domain of expertise as far as Orthopedics are concerned. They are the one who have the skills and expertise to treat issues like ankle dislocation, back muscle injuries, wrist bone dislocation and various other issues.

Orthopedic Surgery Expert Witness – A Special Branch 

By now it is quite evident that Orthopedic is one of the most critical branches of medical science and in case there are any malpractices, it can leave a serious impact on the patient. At times, it might cause permanent disability and even death! This is where an expert called orthopedic expert surgery witness comes into the picture. He is entrusted with the responsibility to ensure that proper and correct treatment is being administered on a patient. In case there are any irregularities; he is the one who should step in and force corrective measures. A surgeon orthopedic expert witness is the one who has the skills and expertise to figure out whether proper medical care is being offered to a patient.

These days, there are many Orthopedic experts around, who can perform the duty of an witness. Such an expert needs to have tons of experience under his belt and should have an in-depth knowledge on various aspects pertaining to Orthopedic surgeries.

An ophthalmologist is a person who deals with the issues in our eyes. These professionals deal with different types of eye issues like diagnosing, surgery, treating, and many others. The entire process is known as Ophthalmology. But in this article let’s not talk about it as it will deal with ophthalmology expert witness.

Ophthalmology expert witness

They are a specialized professional like Dr. Lefkowitz who judges in a specific state and consider the witness to testify on cases like eye vision loss, personal eye injury, medical malpractices, claims, and many other problems related to the eyes. It is the certification and licensing that makes these experts different from conventional Ophthalmologists. They are called expert ophthalmology witness.

Science behind it

Human eyes and the region surrounding it are prone to so many diseases like cataracts, macular degeneration, corneal diseases, trauma, keratoconus, astigmatism, infections, and many other concerns. The biggest threat is that the person might lose vision if the situation is not attended in no time and with precision. In most cases, the possibilities of mistakes are extremely high.

Skills that an ophthalmology expert witness require

To become an ophthalmology expert witness one requires a certain skill set. As we all know, the human eye is one of the foremost sensitive parts of the body. They consist of very small and sensitive tissues, and in case of any complication, the person also may lose his/her eyesight. This is where Ophthalmology comes into the game.

  • The ability to detect even small problems in the eyes

Without Ophthalmology, most of the people across the world would have started suffering from the loss of vision. The professionals need to undergo comprehensive training and skill teaching where they gain experience to detect any and every eye problem coming their way.

  • Sound ability to analyze a situation

All the legal requests and demands, including public and medical, can only be catered if the testimony of unbiased witness expert is heard. This is the reason; these professionals are obliged to help ion eye-related cased both on professional as well as ethical grounds.

  • Competencies to prepare a detailed report of the case

In order to provide a responsible testimony, it is important for the Ophthalmology Expert Witness to prepare a concrete report or to form research basing on the case/trial. In some cases, it does not seems to be necessary, but on the contrary, it is extremely vital for the executives from insurance companies, attorneys, judges to have the consent of the ophthalmologist expert witness to help in the ongoing case related to an eye problem.

Conclusion

It completely depends on the ophthalmologist expert witness that if they want, they can also stand to testify about such misconduct. It is important to note that any errors related to eye problems that might also need legal action, whether through treatment or because of the problem in the eye, need intervention from the expert ophthalmology witness. In that case, you should definitely contact Dr. Lefkowitz for your expert ophthalmology witness. He is a Clinical Assistant Professor at The University of Arizona Medical College-Phoenix and teaches students and residents.

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Despite its name that sounds like it decreases the importance of these nutrients, micronutrients are necessary for your body to function properly. Their name stems from the fact that you only need them in small amounts; however, your body still needs these nutrients. One way to figure out if you have issues related to a micronutrient deficiency is through micronutrient testing.

Definition of a Micronutrient

As mentioned above, your body only needs micronutrients in small amounts. These nutrients include both vitamins and minerals. You must obtain them through the foods you eat or supplementation because your body doesn’t produce any of them naturally.

Types of Micronutrients

When you undergo micronutrient testing, your physician will look to see if you have satisfactory micronutrient levels in all four categories of micronutrients: water-soluble vitamins, fat-soluble vitamins, macrominerals, and trace minerals.

Water-Soluble Micronutrients

Water-soluble micronutrients dissolve in water. Your body doesn’t store them, and instead, discards any excess. Therefore, you need water-soluble micronutrients on a regular basis. Examples of water-soluble micronutrients include vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and vitamin C, among other vitamins in the B complex. You need these nutrients for energy and various other aspects of your overall health and body functions.

Fat-Soluble Micronutrients 

Fat-soluble micronutrients can’t dissolve in water, so your body can store these. In fact, your body stores them in your liver and fatty tissue. Examples of fat-soluble nutrients include vitamin D, vitamin K, and vitamin E.

Macrominerals

Although macrominerals are necessary in higher quantities than trace minerals, they still classify as a micronutrient that your doctor will test you for during micronutrient testing. Examples of macrominerals include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and sodium.

Trace Minerals 

Trace minerals are another category of micronutrients, and they’re minerals that are only necessary in small amounts. Examples of trace minerals include copper, zinc, and iron.

Importance of Micronutrients 

As mentioned above, don’t let the name fool you — these vitamins and minerals are important. Your body requires them to execute certain functions. You need them to process appropriately. You need these nutrients for your heart and reproductive system as well.

Certain micronutrients like vitamin C act as antioxidants in your body. An antioxidant fights against free radicals that can damage your cells. In fact, these free radicals, when left in your body, can increase your risk for heart disease as well as certain types of cancer, among other issues. When you obtain enough free radicals, your body reduces the number of free radicals to decrease the amount of oxidative damage free radicals cause.

Unfortunately, a vitamin or nutrient deficiency can affect one or more of your body organs or how your body organs function. Fortunately, through micronutrient testing, you can determine where the deficit lies and correct the issue.