May 2021


A career as an ophthalmologist or an eye doctor might be right for you if you’re intrigued by vision, eye conditions, and how they’re handled. Ophthalmologists consult with patients one-on-one to treat diseases or discomfort associated with their vision.

It is important to remember that when there is an issue with the eyes, an ophthalmologist is the best and most qualified person to consult.

Who is The Eye Doctor?

An ophthalmologist or an eye doctor is a doctor who specializes in diseases and surgeries of the eye and brain’s visual pathways.

Only an ophthalmologist may prescribe medications or conduct corrective surgery for eye problems.

In this article, we’ll go through the typical tasks performed by an ophthalmologist, as well as the qualifications for pursuing this profession and how to become one.

What does an Eye Doctor do?

An ophthalmologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment, diagnosis, and study of diseases of the eyes and vision. An ophthalmologist can perform the following tasks regularly:

  • They diagnose and treat glaucoma
  • Doing complicated eye examinations
  • Doing a cataract surgery
  • Examine the eyes regularly
  • Provide advanced eye care and treatment
  • Keep up with the latest developments in eye care, diagnosis, and treatment
  • Develop or incorporate ophthalmologic service plans and procedures
  • They do study and research various neurological disorders that may impair vision

Education and Qualification Required

The education and training required to become an Eye Doctor.

  • To become a certified eye doctor, one must first earn an MBBS degree and then pursue a postgraduate degree in Ophthalmology.
  • Doctor of Medicine (M.D.), Master of Surgery (M.S.), and Diploma of Ophthalmic Medicine and Surgery are the degrees available (DOMS).
  • A Junior Residency at a Medical College under the supervision of seasoned professors is used for parallel training and work experience, which is known as an internship.
  • These eye surgeons’ skills are honed by additional job experiences such as fellowships, registrar ships, and senior resident ships.

State Licensing Requirements

In addition to passing the USMLE (United States Medical License Exam), ophthalmologists must pass other state-specific exams. Before a medical license is issued, it must pass a comprehensive ethical and legal screening.

Before a state medical license may be given, educational standards and residencies must be completed. Each state’s medical board has its own set of rules for licensing ophthalmologists. Although certification from the American Board of Ophthalmology is not mandatory to receive a license, it does help tremendously when looking for work.

Employment Opportunity

Both the government and the private sector have a strong demand for ophthalmologists. This course also serves as a foundation for establishing one’s eye clinic.

Ophthalmologists may also seek treatment at departmental hospitals operated by the railways and the military, as well as hospitals run by public utilities.

Some of them may also work with non-governmental organizations, missionary hospitals, and charitable hospitals. Faculty positions in government and private medical colleges are available for highly trained and skilled ophthalmologists.

They can also participate in organizations’ research activities. Ophthalmologists are in high demand abroad, especially in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the Gulf countries.