March 2023


Menstrual cramps can be an absolute nightmare – especially when it comes to trying to get a good night’s sleep. The discomfort and pain make it difficult for most women to relax and drift off into dreamland. However, there are some things you can do to help make those cramps more manageable so that you can get the restful sleep your body needs.

From hot baths of an evening to taking advantage of acupuncture points for menstrual cramps, read on for a guide detailing how to get some much-needed zzz’s despite menstrual cramps.

Exercise Regularly

Exercise has been shown to reduce stress levels, which can in turn help with menstrual cramp relief. While it might seem counterintuitive to exercise when you’re in pain, low-impact activities such as yoga or Pilates can be incredibly helpful in managing discomfort caused by menstrual cramps.

If possible, try exercising at least 3 times a week during the days leading up to your period in order to prepare your body for the discomfort that may come with it later on. Exercise is a great way to reduce the severity of your menstrual cramps as well as help expend any built-up energy caused by stress or anxiety.

Before bed, try doing some light stretching or yoga poses that focus on releasing tension in your abdominal area. This will increase circulation and relax your muscles, making it easier for you to fall asleep faster.

Take Hot Baths or Use Warm Compresses

Taking a hot bath before bed is one of the best ways to relax your body and ease menstrual cramps before snoozing time. If baths aren’t your thing, try using a warm compress on the affected area (like heat patches). Both methods will help reduce inflammation and muscle tension in the abdominal area, allowing you to have a better sleep experience overall.

Acupuncture for Menstrual Cramps

Another way of relieving menstrual cramp symptoms is by stimulating specific acupuncture points on the body, which have been proven effective in reducing pain associated with periods. You can do this yourself using an acupressure tool or see an experienced acupuncturist who can pinpoint these areas accurately and thus effectively reduce discomfort through stimulation.

Getting a good night’s sleep while dealing with menstrual cramps isn’t impossible – it just takes some extra effort

We hope this guide helps provide helpful tips and tricks so that you can find relief from those pesky period pains and get the restful sleep you need and deserve! From taking hot baths or using warm compresses to stimulating acupuncture points specifically designed to reduce menstrual pain – there are many ways you can start feeling better today. Sweet dreams!

Canadian pharmacies have a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century. These institutions have played an important role in the healthcare system, providing access to affordable prescription drugs for millions of people. Over the years, Canadian pharmacies have evolved to meet the changing needs of patients and the healthcare industry. In this article, we will explore the history and evolution of Canadian pharmacies and their crucial role in the healthcare system.

Early History of Canadian Pharmacies

The first pharmacies in Canada were established in the 1800s, with the first recorded pharmacy opening in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1820. These early pharmacies were primarily focused on compounding and dispensing medications, as well as providing medical advice to patients. The early 1900s saw the emergence of chain pharmacies, which were able to negotiate lower prices for drugs by buying in bulk. This led to increased competition in the pharmacy industry and lower prices for patients.

Regulation and Standardization of Canadian Pharmacies

In the mid-1900s, the Canadian government began to regulate the pharmacy industry to ensure that pharmacies were meeting certain standards of practice. In 1953, the Canadian Pharmacists Association was established to represent the interests of Canadian pharmacists and promote high-quality pharmacy practice. In 1970, the federal government passed the Food and Drug Regulations, which established national standards for the manufacture and sale of drugs in Canada. These regulations were updated in 2019 to better reflect the changing needs of the healthcare industry.

Expansion of Canadian Pharmacies

The 1980s and 1990s saw a significant expansion of Canadian pharmacies, with the emergence of large chain pharmacies like Shoppers Drug Mart and Pharmasave. These chains were able to leverage their size to negotiate lower prices for drugs and provide a wider range of services to patients, including flu shots and other vaccinations. The expansion of Canadian pharmacies during this time period led to increased accessibility of prescription drugs for patients across Canada.

Online Pharmacies and Telepharmacy

The rise of the internet in the 2000s led to the emergence of online pharmacies, which allowed patients to order prescription drugs from the comfort of their own homes. Online pharmacies have become increasingly popular in recent years, as they provide a convenient way for patients to access prescription drugs, particularly for those living in rural or remote areas. However, there are concerns about the safety and regulation of online pharmacies, and patients are advised to exercise caution when purchasing drugs online.

Telepharmacy is another emerging trend in the pharmacy industry. Telepharmacy involves the use of technology to provide pharmacy services remotely, such as through videoconferencing or other communication platforms. This allows patients to access pharmacy services without having to physically visit a pharmacy, which is particularly useful for those with mobility issues or who live in remote areas. Telepharmacy is still a relatively new concept, and its role in the healthcare system is still being explored.

Canadian Pharmacy has a rich history that dates back to the early 20th century. Over the years, they have evolved to meet the changing needs of patients and the healthcare industry. Today, Canadian pharmacies play a crucial role in the healthcare system, providing access to affordable prescription drugs and medical advice for millions of Canadians. As the healthcare industry continues to evolve, Canadian pharmacies will undoubtedly continue to play an important role in promoting public health and providing high-quality healthcare services to patients across Canada.

People are always looking for ways to enhance their general health and well-being in today’s fast-paced environment. Using nutritional supplements is one such method. As a way to complement a healthy diet and way of life, health supplements are growing in popularity. They may be able to close the gap between the nutrients we take in everyday and the nutrients we require.

In this article, we will discuss the basics of health supplements and why you should consider consuming them daily.

What are health supplements?

Orally consumed goods that are taken to augment the diet are referred to as health supplements or dietary supplements. They can be found in many different forms, such as liquids, tablets, powders, and capsules. They are made to fill in any gaps or shortages in the diet by supplying vital nutrients including vitamins, minerals, and other healthy substances.

Why should you consume health supplements daily?

  • To fill nutritional gaps

We might not always get all the vitamins and minerals our bodies require from the food we eat. Daily supplementation with vitamins and minerals can help us fill in those nutritional gaps and make sure we are getting the nutrition we need.

  • To support immune health

By giving us vital minerals like vitamin C, vitamin D, and zinc, health supplements can boost immunological health. These nutrients can strengthen our immune systems and help us stay healthy.

  • To support overall health and wellness

By giving our bodies the nutrients they need to function at their best, health supplements can boost overall health and wellness. They can promote brain function, boost energy levels, and elevate mood.

  • To support athletic performance

Health supplements can help athletes and active people improve their sports performance. Enhancing endurance, strength, and power can be accomplished with the aid of certain substances like creatine, caffeine, and beta-alanine.

  • To support bone health

Our bones become more brittle and fracture-prone as we age. Daily supplementation with nutrients like calcium and vitamin D can improve bone health and lower the risk of osteoporosis.

  • To support heart health

By lowering inflammation and raising blood lipid levels, certain health supplements, such as omega-3 fatty acids and coenzyme Q10, can improve heart health.

What are some common health supplements?

  • Multivitamins

In order to cover nutritional gaps and support general health and wellness, multivitamins are a combination of vitamins and minerals.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids

Our body cannot manufacture the necessary fatty acids omega-3 on its own. Despite the fact that they can be found in fatty seafood like salmon, many people opt to take them as supplements to promote heart and brain health.

  • Probiotics

Beneficial bacteria called probiotics exist in our stomach. Probiotic supplementation can improve immunological health and digestive well-being.

  • Vitamin D

Our bodies require vitamin D as a vital nutrient in order to absorb calcium and maintain bone health. Vitamin D deficiency is common, thus taking a vitamin D supplement might help make up for this dietary shortage.

  • Magnesium

Almost 300 metabolic processes in the body involve the mineral magnesium. It can maintain healthy neuron and muscle function, control blood sugar levels, and encourage relaxation.

  • Protein powder

A common health supplement among athletes and other active people is protein powder. It can enhance post-workout recovery as well as muscle growth and repair.

In conclusion, Daily supplementation with vitamins and minerals can enhance general health and wellness in a number of ways. They can promote immunological health, athletic performance, bone health, heart health, and more. They can also help to fill nutritional shortages. However, it’s crucial to speak with a doctor before beginning a new supplement regimen, particularly if you have any underlying medical issues or are taking medication. To make sure you are obtaining the best and safest products, it is also crucial to purchase high-quality supplements from reliable brands. You can take charge of your health and provide your body with the nutrition it requires to thrive by including health supplements into your daily routine.

Stomach cancer, medically referred to as gastric cancer, is a cancer that originates in the cells lining the stomach. It is responsible for being the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths and is the fifth most common cancer globally. In India, stomach cancer comprises roughly 8.6% of all cancer cases. It is important to comprehend the symptoms of stomach cancer and promptly seek medical attention regardless of its prevalence.

Common Symptoms of Stomach Cancer

In the early stages, stomach cancer may not have any symptoms, or the symptoms may be mild and easily overlooked. As the stomach cancer progresses and spreads, the symptoms may become more apparent. The symptoms of stomach cancer commonly observed include:

Abdominal pain and discomfort:

Persistent pain or discomfort in the abdomen, especially after eating, may indicate the presence of stomach cancer.

Nausea and vomiting:

Nausea and vomiting are typical symptoms of various ailments, including stomach cancer. However, if the nausea or vomiting persists and does not improve with treatment, it is crucial to consult a doctor for an evaluation.

Loss of appetite and weight loss:

Unexplained weight loss and loss of appetite may be a sign of stomach cancer, especially if they are accompanied by other symptoms.

Feeling full after eating small amounts:

Experiencing fullness or bloating after consuming minimal amounts of food can be an indication of stomach cancer.

Heartburn or indigestion:

While heartburn and indigestion are common symptoms of many conditions, they may also be a sign of stomach cancer if they are persistent and do not improve with treatment.

Advanced symptoms of stomach cancer may include difficulty swallowing, blood in stool or vomit, fatigue, jaundice, and ascites.

When to Seek Medical Help

If you notice any persistent symptoms of stomach cancer, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately. Early detection and treatment of stomach cancer can improve the chances of successful treatment and recovery. Suppose you have a family history of stomach cancer or are at a higher risk due to other factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection. In that case, it is important to discuss screening options with your doctor.

Screening and diagnostic tests for stomach cancer may include endoscopy, biopsy, and imaging tests such as CT scans and X-rays. If stomach cancer is suspected, your doctor might refer you to a specialist, like a gastroenterologist or an oncologist, for further evaluation and treatment.

Prevention and Early Detection

Stomach cancer can be prevented to some extent through a healthy lifestyle. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and protein sources can help reduce the risk of stomach cancer. Avoiding processed and high-fat foods and limiting alcohol intake may also help prevent stomach cancer. Additionally, quitting smoking and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of developing stomach cancer.

For high-risk individuals, such as those with a family history of stomach cancer, regular screenings may be recommended. These screenings may include endoscopy, which allows the doctor to examine the lining of the stomach for abnormalities, and imaging tests such as CT scans and X-rays.

Early detection of stomach cancer is critical to successful treatment and recovery. Routine check-ups and diagnostic tests can help detect stomach cancer in its early stages when treatment is more likely to be effective.


In summary, stomach cancer is a serious condition that can be difficult to detect in its early stages. However, understanding the symptoms and seeking medical attention promptly can improve the chances of successful treatment and recovery. Regular check-ups and screenings, along with a healthy lifestyle, can help prevent stomach cancer and detect it early if it does develop.

If you are experiencing any persistent symptoms of stomach cancer, it is essential to seek medical attention promptly. Cancer hospital in Noida provides comprehensive cancer care, including screening, diagnosis, and treatment of stomach cancer. The best oncologists in Noida are available to evaluate your symptoms and provide personalized treatment options. Take care of your health and well-being and seek medical help if needed.


An injury to the growth plate area of a child’s bone is called a Salter-Harris fracture. The growth plate of a child’s long bone is the soft area of cartilage found at the end of long bones, such as the humerus and tibia. However, Salter-Harris fractures can affect any developing long bone, from arms and legs to fingers and toes.

A child’s bone growth plate is made of cartilage that will gradually harden into solid bone when fully grown. The soft cartilage of the growth plate can be fractured by a fall or from excessive pressure. Salter-Harris fractures typically comprise 15 to 30 per cent of bone injuries in children and commonly happen during sporting activities or through falls and physical accidents.

The most common physeal injury seen is in the phalanges, which accounts for 30% of these injuries. Sporting injuries and fractures are especially common in adolescents, with injuries in boys being twice as prevalent as in girls. 

History of Salter-Harris Fractures

Salter-Harris fractures were initially defined in 1963 by Canadian doctors Robert Salter and W. Robert Harris. They classified five main types of fracture, each distinguished by how the fracture affects the growth plate and surrounding bone. The higher the classification fracture number, the higher the child’s risk of possible bone growth issues. 

Type I Salter-Harris fractures are more common in younger children and occur when a force hits the growth plate, separating the plate from the bone shaft. Type II is the most common fracture and tends to affect more children over ten.  

Paediatric fractures of the growth plate were first described by Foucher back in 1863, and Poland devised the first-ever classification system in 1898. However, the Salter-Harris classification system became the most popular descriptive anatomical classification system, which is still used today. 

Dr Salter and Dr Harris were the first to recognize that injuries occur through the zone of provisional calcification of the physis due to it being a weaker zone in transition between the calcified and non-calcified parts of the growth plate.

In our main article, you can learn more about the different types of Salter-Harris fractures and details of the recommended PDUK workshop to help advance your knowledge of X-ray interpretation and diagnosing fracture types.

Evaluation of paediatric fractures

The evaluation, treatment and management of physeal injuries in children must be accurate to help avoid growth arrest in the growth plates, which could lead to lifelong physical complications. 

It takes an interprofessional team to diagnose, treat and manage paediatric physeal injuries. Following an initial physical examination, imaging tools should be used to help evaluate injuries further. 

Physeal injuries in children can often present with vague symptoms that could indicate other possible causes:

  • Accidental trauma
  • Bone bruise
  • Infection
  • Ligamentous injuries
  • Metaphyseal/diaphyseal fracture
  • Muscle strain
  • Non-accidental trauma

Radiographs will usually reveal fractures of the physis, but ultrasound can effectively detect fractures in very young children before cartilage ossification. Physeal fractures can then be classified using Salter-Harris I-V, with each subsequent number indicating a more substantial risk of growth arrest. 


Dengue fever is a disease that can be expected to occur every year in our country. This is because our tropical climate favours the growth and existence of mosquitoes responsible for transmitting the disease. The mosquitoes that often lead to transmission of the dengue infection are the female Aedes mosquitoes. A mosquito is said to be an infected one when it bites humans that already have dengue virus circulating in the body. The way the virus spreads to other humans is through the bites of the infected mosquitoes that releases the virus into the body. This cycle of transmission is considered fast which makes dengue a rapid mosquito-borne viral disease compared to other viral diseases.

Do you know that you can get dengue fever more than once in your life? Dengue virus exists in 4 serotypes, which are DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4. When a person is currently infected with one serotype, the body is only able to produce antibodies towards future infection caused by that one specific serotype. This means that in future, when a person is infected by dengue virus from other serotypes, the body is unable to ward off the infection. The worst part of getting reinfection by other serotypes is the likelihood of experiencing severe dengue compared to the first episode of dengue fever. For instance, a person is likely to suffer severe dengue such as Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) when infected by the DENV-2 after the first infection of serotype DENV-1.

A person experiencing dengue infection often presents as a fever that lasts for 2 to 7 days. This type of fever often comes with other symptoms such as severe headaches, skin rash, muscle pain (myalgia), joint pain (arthralgia) and pain behind the eyes (retro-orbital headaches). If you are noticing yourself or someone you know experiencing such symptoms, do seek medical advice immediately. Since dengue symptoms may be confused with other medical issues, it is best to meet doctors for the right diagnosis and treatment.

There are no specific treatments for dengue fever. What is provided by healthcare providers acts as a support. This includes making sure the patient takes a good rest, stays hydrated and to spot warning signs. Warning signs such as sudden abdominal pain, presence of blood in stool, persistent vomiting that last for more than 24 hours or more than 3 times a day, vomiting blood and sudden bleeding such as from the nose and gum, should get the patient to the emergency room immediately as this could be sign of severe dengue. In most mild dengue cases, sufficient rest and hydration should help a person heal. Usage of pain killers and drugs such as paracetamol to reduce fever is common in dengue patients and helps to control symptoms.

Here lies the question of can one treat dengue with antibiotics? No, antibiotics should not be used to treat dengue cases. Hence, never self-treat yourself with antibiotics as improper use of antibiotics may bring more harm than good. Besides, dengue is caused by viruses while antibiotics work by killing bacteria. There is no space for antibiotics to have an effect on the dengue viruses. Although you may see doctors prescribing antibiotics for some patients, this is done to help prevent secondary infections that are possible with hospitalised patients.

The best way to not get dengue fever is to take preventative measures. Using insect repellent, covering the skin from exposure to the mosquito bites by wearing long-sleeved clothes and making sure your surrounding is free from mosquito breeding places could help lessen the risk of getting dengue. Any enquiries regarding dengue should be addressed to healthcare professionals.

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