An injury to the growth plate area of a child’s bone is called a Salter-Harris fracture. The growth plate of a child’s long bone is the soft area of cartilage found at the end of long bones, such as the humerus and tibia. However, Salter-Harris fractures can affect any developing long bone, from arms and legs to fingers and toes.

A child’s bone growth plate is made of cartilage that will gradually harden into solid bone when fully grown. The soft cartilage of the growth plate can be fractured by a fall or from excessive pressure. Salter-Harris fractures typically comprise 15 to 30 per cent of bone injuries in children and commonly happen during sporting activities or through falls and physical accidents.

The most common physeal injury seen is in the phalanges, which accounts for 30% of these injuries. Sporting injuries and fractures are especially common in adolescents, with injuries in boys being twice as prevalent as in girls. 

History of Salter-Harris Fractures

Salter-Harris fractures were initially defined in 1963 by Canadian doctors Robert Salter and W. Robert Harris. They classified five main types of fracture, each distinguished by how the fracture affects the growth plate and surrounding bone. The higher the classification fracture number, the higher the child’s risk of possible bone growth issues. 

Type I Salter-Harris fractures are more common in younger children and occur when a force hits the growth plate, separating the plate from the bone shaft. Type II is the most common fracture and tends to affect more children over ten.  

Paediatric fractures of the growth plate were first described by Foucher back in 1863, and Poland devised the first-ever classification system in 1898. However, the Salter-Harris classification system became the most popular descriptive anatomical classification system, which is still used today. 

Dr Salter and Dr Harris were the first to recognize that injuries occur through the zone of provisional calcification of the physis due to it being a weaker zone in transition between the calcified and non-calcified parts of the growth plate.

In our main article, you can learn more about the different types of Salter-Harris fractures and details of the recommended PDUK workshop to help advance your knowledge of X-ray interpretation and diagnosing fracture types.

Evaluation of paediatric fractures

The evaluation, treatment and management of physeal injuries in children must be accurate to help avoid growth arrest in the growth plates, which could lead to lifelong physical complications. 

It takes an interprofessional team to diagnose, treat and manage paediatric physeal injuries. Following an initial physical examination, imaging tools should be used to help evaluate injuries further. 

Physeal injuries in children can often present with vague symptoms that could indicate other possible causes:

  • Accidental trauma
  • Bone bruise
  • Infection
  • Ligamentous injuries
  • Metaphyseal/diaphyseal fracture
  • Muscle strain
  • Non-accidental trauma

Radiographs will usually reveal fractures of the physis, but ultrasound can effectively detect fractures in very young children before cartilage ossification. Physeal fractures can then be classified using Salter-Harris I-V, with each subsequent number indicating a more substantial risk of growth arrest. 



Lifestyle diseases are increasing. One such disease is diabetes. This is a grave problem worldwide. Millions of people around the globe are diagnosed with diabetes every year. It is important to take steps to treat diabetes and live a healthy lifestyle. Diabetes is the inability of the body to regulate glucose levels. This happens when the body’s glucose metabolism is not in sync. After the food is digested, glucose is released into your body for energy. Glucose is the major form of sugar in our bodies. Insulin is responsible for transferring glucose into cells. This brings blood sugar levels back to normal. Insulin converts glucose into energy. If the insulin produced by the pancreas does not work effectively or is insufficient, blood sugar levels will rise. Diabetes is a consequence of hyperglycemia.

Type-1 diabetics have low or no insulin levels. For survival and management of diabetes, they need insulin injections regularly. Diabetes usually begins in childhood, but it can also develop at any time. This usually occurs before age 40. Type-2 diabetes is the most prevalent type. It can be caused by obesity or genetic tendencies. This type of diabetes is where the body produces normal to even higher levels of insulin. However, certain factors can make insulin ineffective. This type of diabetes is common due to sedentary lifestyles, poor dietary habits, and obesity. This condition is most common in adults, but it can also occur in obese adolescents. Diabetes is most commonly associated with increased thirst, excessive hunger, or increased urination. Other symptoms of diabetes include blurred vision, fatigue, skin infections (which may be fungal and bacterial), weight loss, slow healing wounds, genital itching, UTIs and urinary or vaginal infections. There is even a possibility of weight loss if the insulin levels drop.

Although diabetes can be managed, it cannot be cured. All types of diabetes can be treated by achieving blood glucose control, blood pressure and cholesterol levels that are as close to normal as possible. It is possible to improve well-being and protect yourself against long-term complications if treatment is combined with some healthy steps. Begin by talking to a healthcare professional who can help you learn more about diabetes and the medications that you need. You will be guided by a healthcare professional to understand the medication and when they should be taken. You will also need to change your lifestyle. This is the most difficult part. You cannot change your lifestyle overnight. To see results, you will need to make small changes. You must be consistent as you can’t make these changes overnight. Set realistic goals and decide what you can accomplish. Start eating healthy foods. Consume lots of fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods. 

Reduce the amount of carbs that you consume and eat more often. Third, be active. At least 30 minutes of exercise should be your goal each day. If you’re overweight, try to lose 10-20 pounds. Monitoring and recognizing is the fourth step. Monitoring your blood sugar levels is important. Also, check your eyes, feet and teeth. It is important to recognize what caused your blood sugar to rise or to fall, and to treat it accordingly. This will also help you prevent future problems. A fifth step is to have your eyes, feet and teeth checked regularly. For detailed checks and tests, visit your doctor frequently. Sixth, seek or get support from family, friends, diabetes care team, and your loved ones. Type-2 diabetes is often linked to stress. Relaxation techniques can help reduce stress. Diabetes treatment is also affected by a healthy sleeping pattern. Therefore, ensure you get enough sleep.

Like many other diseases and conditions, diabetes can be caused by lifestyle choices. Diabetes can be increased by eating junk food high in sugar ingredients and other additives. Diabetes can be caused by eating sugary foods, processed foods high in trans fats, cold beverages, packaged snacks, honey, dried fruits, french fries and fruit juices. Smoking can make it harder to control blood sugar. Smoking can cause eye disease, premature death and heart disease. Your blood sugar levels can be affected by alcohol. It all depends on how much you drink, and whether you eat or drink simultaneously. People who use insulin need to be aware that alcohol can cause low blood sugar later on.

Diabetes can be managed by a healthy lifestyle and diet. Combining that with regular health checkups and medication, you can manage your diabetes well. You can make small changes today to improve your health in the long-term.

Lifestyle is one factor that can lead to diabetes, as with many other diseases. Sugary foods and other additives can increase the likelihood of developing diabetes. Sugary foods, trans fat-laden foods, packaged snacks, honey dried fruits, frozen fruit, french fries, juice, and cold drinks can all lead to diabetes. Smoking increases blood sugar control. It can lead to eye disease and premature death. The amount of alcohol you consume and the number of drinks you have at once can affect your blood sugar. You can reduce your alcohol intake, and insulin users should be aware of the possibility of low blood sugar later.

The best way to treat diabetes is to manage your lifestyle and diet. Combine that with medication and regular health checkups and you will be on the right path to controlling your diabetes. Your future health will be better with the small steps you make today.

The problem of erectile dysfunction can be due to various reasons like medical issues, medications, or emotional and psychological issues. However, sexual enhancers in the form of medicines can help in getting rid of ED. Cialis is one such effective sexual enhancer that is used for treating erectile dysfunction and providing a perfect erection for satisfying sexual activity. 

The medicine contains the active substance Tadalafil, which works for better blood flow in the phallus and makes an erection possible. Tadalafil relaxes the arteries and smooth muscles in the male phallus, just like Viagra does. 

Moreover, it improves blood flow to the male phallus at the same time. This combination of relaxation and increased blood flow, when combined with sexual stimulation causes the penis to fill with blood which produces an erection. However, sexual stimulation is necessary for Tadalafil to function properly.

Buying authentic Tadalafil

Tadalafil is available at all the good chemists and online pharmacies without a prescription. However, the most authentic place to buy Tadalafil is Topapo, a professional online pharmacy that sells genuine products at affordable rates in the UK.  Click on if you wish to buy authentic Tadalafil at an affordable price.

How fast does Tadalafil work?

Tadalafil takes at least 1 to 2 hours before it starts showing the results. However, the effects can last longer usually up to 36 hours which is an additional advantage of taking Tadalafil. 

This does not mean that there will be continuous erection for 36 hours but you might be able to have an erection during the next 1.5 days when sexually stimulated. This is one of the main reasons why men prefer Tadalafil as it promotes more impulsive sexual activity.

How to take Tadalafil for better results?

Following a few tips for taking tadalafil can ensure better and more effective results.

Following a safe and recommended dosage

The recommended Tadalafil dosage for treating erectile dysfunction is 10 mg which can be taken as and when needed at least 30 minutes before sexual activity. However, there are two options:

  • You can either take a higher dose just before the sexual activity or 
  • Take a tablet of a smaller dose every day.

Men prefer to take whichever works better for them whether a lower dose of 5 mg or a higher dose of 20mg.

Taking smaller dosages for spontaneity

Ensure to give yourself plenty of time while taking Tadalafil as it takes 1 to 2 hours for the results to kick in. However, taking a smaller dose of a tablet every day might prove better if you wish to have more spontaneous results. Ensure that you take the tablet every day at the same time, but only one dose per day. 

Certain safety precautions with other medications

Certain medications can be dangerous when combined with Tadalafil. Hence, you need to take the pill separately and avoid taking it along with those medications. Avoid taking Tadalafil:

  • Along with high blood pressure medications.
  • With any nitrate medications for angina or heart ailments. 
  • With nitro-glycerine tablets, sprays, or patches.

Cialis is a wonderful option for erectile dysfunction. Ensure you follow the recommended dosage whether it is taken every day or as and when required. 

If you look at celebrities, you may have come across some that do not look anything like their age at all. Some may look younger, while others (sadly) may look older than the number of years stated in their birth records. You may wonder what kind of sorcery the younger-looking-for-their-actual-age celebrities use to look youthful. The secret is far from sorcery, but a cosmetic procedure that also uses a powerful tool commonly held by a sorcerer: a wand. Specifically, an anti-aging one. Read more about anti-aging here.

Keen to know more about this procedure that can make your skin look as if it can naturally defy time and gravity from taking a toll on your face? We got you covered!

This article shares everything about the wonders that a Fotona laser can do for you. Here is an overview of what you need to know:

  1. What is a Fotona laser?
  2. How does Fotona laser work?
  3. Who are the best candidates for Fotona laser?
    1. What are the symptoms of aging that Fotona laser can treat?
    2. Which parts of the face can Fotona laser be used for?
  4. What are the preparations needed before a Fotona laser procedure?
  5. What happens during a Fotona laser procedure?
    1. Is it painful?
  6. What happens after a Fotona laser procedure?
    1. Are there side effects?
    2. How long is the downtime?
    3. What should be done for aftercare?


Ready? Let’s abracadabra!


What is Fotona laser?

Fotona laser is a laser facelift treatment that is non-invasive and non-surgical. Its powerful laser machine is equipped with a handheld device. This device or wand delivers heat energy targeting the different layers of the skin, passing through the face’s oral cavity interior as well as the outer skin, delivering anti-aging results like magic.  


How does Fotona laser work?

Fotona laser has four different modes that are used consecutively to achieve skin tightening and lifting. These four modes are:

  • SmoothLiftin mode
  • FRAC3 mode
  • PIANO mode
  • SupErficial mode

SmoothLiftin mode. This is the first step to jumpstart the Fotona laser anti-aging procedure. SmoothLiftin involves getting the laser device inside the mouth and delivering the heat energy in the target areas within the oral cavity. 

FRAC3 mode. Step two of Fotona laser concentrates on reducing the appearance of deep skin creases on the skin’s outer surface. This step also targets to banish obvious skin pigmentations, making the tone of the skin look even all throughout.

PIANO mode. The goal of this step is to produce more collagen and achieve tightening of the skin. Its effect can be seen immediately as the skin lifts naturally from both the inner and outer layers and the results last for a long period of time.

SupErficial mode. To complete the anti-aging procedure using Fotona laser, a light laser peel is administered to the surface of the skin, making it appear rejuvenated, firm, and glowing.


Who are the best candidates for Fotona laser?

The best candidates for Fotona laser are those who wish to restore their face’s youthful appearance with mild symptoms of ageing. It is safe to use for all types and colours of skin. To be more specific, you may consider this anti-aging laser procedure if you:

  • Like a quick “lunch time”  procedure
  • Like gold standard results
  • Like immediate results
  • Like long-lasting results
  • Like natural results
  • Do not like surgical and invasive procedures
  • Do not fancy having downtimes after a procedure
  • Do not like major side effects and risks

Women who are pregnant or breast feeding are encouraged to find an alternative anti-aging procedure, unless the Fotona laser treatment is allowed by a general practitioner. Fotona laser is not advised for patients with active skin infections and severe skin laxity.  

Fotona laser can treat the following skin conditions:

  • Creases
  • Fine lines
  • Laxity
  • Nasolabial folds
  • Pigmentation
  • Sun damage

Fotona laser can be used in these areas of the face:

  • Cheeks
  • Chin
  • Forehead
  • Jawline
  • Sides of the mouth


What are the preparations needed before a Fotona laser procedure?

Patients must undergo a thorough consultation with a doctor who is certified and trained to perform a Fotona laser procedure. During the consultation, your health will be assessed and your doctor will ask you about what results you would like to see after completing the procedure. Once this is done, your Fotona laser treatment will be scheduled.

There is no major preparation needed on the day of the procedure, but it is highly recommended that patients come for their treatment without wearing any make up. The main reason for this is that the face will be cleansed and sanitised before the procedure, so the time and effort spent to apply the makeup on might just be wasted. 


What happens during a Fotona laser procedure?

After cleansing and sanitising the face, you will be given safety goggles to place over and protect your eyes. Next, your doctor sets up the right laser temperatures for treating your skin. As soon as everything is in place, the procedure begins by inserting the laser wand inside your mouth to heat up and stimulate collagen from this side. Any part of the skin that does not belong to the target area is left untouched and undamaged. After working on the intraoral cavity, the skin’s deeper and superficial layers are then targeted. This step corrects any imperfections, like pigmentation and sun damage, and firms the skin using the thermal heat. The third phase uses an ND:YAG fractional laser. This process is done to stimulate collagen production and tighten the skin from the inside out. Finally, a laser peel is done to resurface and brighten the skin. 

The Fotona laser procedure is done in under an hour and no pain is felt from start to finish.


What happens after a Fotona laser procedure?

The common side effects after a Fotona laser procedure are a warm, prickling, and tightening feeling throughout the treatment area. This may feel a bit weird, but it should not be a cause of concern as it is proof that the procedure is working effectively. The surface of the outer skin may appear reddish. This is only temporary and should clear out after a few hours. 

Because the procedure does not involve any incisions or injections, you can instantly resume with your normal activities after your treatment. No downtime is needed at all.

For aftercare, remember to always protect your skin from the direct heat of the sun. Use SPF50 sunscreen and drink a lot of water to keep your skin hydrated. Avoid using makeup in the next 24 hours. Skip using hot water and use a gentle cleanser on your face in the next two days. 


Veritas Medical Aesthetics


13 Stamford Rd

#B2-35 Capitol Singapore

Singapore 178905


Phone: +65 6283 3885 

Whatsapp: +65 8129 9789


A risk factor enhances the likelihood that a person may get cancer. Although many risk factors impact cancer development, few cause the disease. Some individuals with many risk factors do not acquire cancer, whereas others with no identified risk factors do. Knowing your risk factors and discussing them with your doctor may help you make better-educated decisions about your lifestyle and health care.

Most breast cancers are sporadic, meaning they result from incidental damage to a person’s DNA after birth. The underlying cause of sporadic breast cancer is a mix of internal or hormonal exposures; lifestyle variables; environmental factors; and normal physiology, such as DNA replication. There is no risk of the person passing this gene on to their offspring.

Breast cancers that are inherited are uncommon, accounting for 5% to 10% of all malignancies. Inherited breast cancer arises when gene changes, also known as mutations or alterations, are transmitted from parent to kid. Numerous mutations occur in tumor-suppressor genes, including BRCA1, BRCA2, and PALB2. These genes generally prevent cells from proliferating uncontrollably and becoming cancer. But when these cells have a mutation, they might expand uncontrollably.

If you are wondering about breast cancer treatment in the Philippines, costs for screening and diagnosis vary across hospitals and medical facilities. Consult your physician for further information. You might also inquire about nearby cancer centers.

According to BICOL Medical center, DOH, Republic of Philippines, breast cancer screening and treatment may cost between 500 and 10,000 pesos. Depending on the size and organs involved, the cost of a breast biopsy test in the Philippines is between Php 600 and Php 4,000. Note that more invasive biopsy procedures might cost between Php 10,000 and Php 27,000, depending on how difficult it is to collect tissue samples.

Read the infographic below from Hope From Within to learn what to do after finding a lump in your breast.

What to do after you find a lump in your breast, and more: The Breast Cancer Map


Now that you have created the right sauna, you should get a proper sauna heater before you can enjoy the different benefits of using a sauna.

You do not have to get just any other sauna heater, but there are some different factors to remember to know, like the sauna size, the power requirements, and the sauna heater type.

Let us look at these different things in detail. Visit the site to know more.

Electric Sauna Heaters

These sauna heaters work well and are rather easy to use. It is a great option without fussing.

There are different options to pick the right Kilowatt and voltage connected to the electric heater. Kilowatts are also measured on the room size. In the example stated above, only a 6KW heater is needed.

Next, you might find out that the voltage needed for the sauna is also necessary.

Pull some power into a standard outlet. A residential sauna is 240 volts higher than a commercial sauna. An electric sauna heater also takes over half an hour to heat up. Consult your electrician for further information.

What Makes Electric and Wood-Fired Sauna Heaters Different?

There are two different types of sauna heaters, one is electric style, and another one is wood-fired, and there are also sauna heaters powered by gas, but they are harder to find.

To a certain extent, using an electric heater in the city area and a wood fire heater in the countryside is customary.

A wood stove is suitable for smaller saunas of less than 500 cubic feet. A wood stove is also ideal for making the right atmosphere of a conventional sauna which makes it rather user-friendly as it does not make the air dry out. A good smoky aroma also makes the overall experience better.

It might have a longer heating period as well. When using an electric heater, a more even sauna temperature will improve the whole sauna session, and you will maintain the temperature and heat.

How Do You Use A Sauna Combined With Rocks?

Sauna heaters are different from using sauna rocks too. There are different sauna heater variations, and some have rock trays. The whole purpose of other stones is worth more than decoration as well.

They also absorb and store up the heat that will help to maintain the sauna temperature. It also has a more crucial function. Many sauna heaters are properly manufactured to give water to the sauna rocks.

A lot of steam creates more humidity, and how it could be felt as well. The whole process is a big part of the entire sauna experience.

A lot of heaters come with another large set of sauna rocks. There are also many colors and different types to swap out other stones.

Proper Tips about Sauna Heater Maintenance

Pick the proper stones: Only use dark-colored stones on the heater, as they can withstand high temperatures. Please do not use any stones in the river so they will explode. Stones should be stacked properly and replaced once every twelve months as well. Visit the site to know more.

No woman ever feels content with the length of her hair at any given time. Most women focus on their skin care routines; however, hair is often ignored. We have the ideal recipe for a hair fall disaster when we combine the contemporary lifestyle and the stress accompanying it. However, many of these problems can easily be fixed at home with the help of a few beneficial and uncomplicated hair growth advice, which is always welcomed. 

Here are five fantastic hair growth techniques to help you achieve the hair everyone wants.

Finding customized hair care solutions that solve all your hair problems is challenging. However, a nutrient-rich diet and a hair care routine will significantly speed up hair growth. 

How to massage your scalp to develop hair: some helpful hints

Regular scalp massage 

Regular scalp massages improve blood flow, strengthen your hair’s roots, and help you relax. Moreover, scalp massages are a fantastic way to control stress, significantly contributing to hair loss. Give your scalp a massage before bed a few times each week. This contributes to the growth of good hair in addition to a regular sleep schedule.

Regular trimming

Our hair goes through three phases. When the antigen gets active, and the cells in the roots of your hair divide rapidly, the antigen stage is termed. The outer root part of the hair shrinks and clings to the source during the second phase of the hair cycle, known as catagen. Telogen, the last stage, is distinguished by split ends, hair loss, and breaking. Trimming your hair may help you avoid the third stage and stimulate it to grow—schedule frequent hair-trimming appointments in your calendar. Trim off half or an inch of hair to encourage growth.

Avoid following a rigid diet.

Maintain an active diet to stimulate hair development. Several healthy weight loss methods will help your health. In addition to not achieving one’s daily recommended calorie intake, restrictive dieting deprives the body of critical minerals and micronutrients, such as zinc, selenium, and magnesium, all of which are essential for hair health. Anything fewer than 1300 calories per day can trigger telogen effluvium, which causes considerable hair loss in the average woman. Although detrimental to the hair’s health, this condition is usually treatable with a good diet.

Try a DIY coffee conditioner

The coffee conditioner is made at home for hair growth! For hair growth, coffee can be used as a leave-in conditioner. It detoxifies the scalp to promote blood circulation because of the phytosterols. Caffeine is responsible for smooth, glossy hair. It can even be used as a hairspray! Coffee also helps to prevent balding or premature graying of the hair in both men and women.

Remember to wash your hair routinely. The ideal frequency is twice per week. To treat an oily scalp, three times.


Asking a doctor about your most personal female issues may not seem right, but trust us, it’s more than okay – and necessary! Urogynaecologists are there to help you tackle any problems you may have “down there”, so don’t be shy about making an appointment.

Learn more about their services and ask any questions on this page: Urogynaecologists are specialized gynaecologists who focus on the pelvic floor and the urinary, bowel, and genital tracts in women.

Their expert knowledge on this topic allows them to provide a wide range of services for women suffering from problems related to these areas, such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI), overactive bladder, painful intercourse and other related issues.

The word ‘urogynaecology’ is a combination of two words; uro and gynaecology. Uro refers to the urinary tract, and gynaecology refers to women’s health.

Urogynaecologists are trained to assess and treat bladder, bowel, and pelvic floor conditions. They are well aware of the anatomy and functions of the organs in this area and can manage various uro-related issues.

This makes them the perfect choice for managing bladder, bowel, and pelvic floor issues. Urogynaecologists can also manage uro-related issues in men. However, they should consult with a urologist first to ensure that the problem is not related to any other underlying condition. 

Why You Need to See a Urogynaecologist

To manage issues related to the pelvic floor and urinary tract, you may need to see a Urogynaecologist in Singapore. As explained above, urogynaecologists attend to a wide range of issues related to the urinary tract, bladder and pelvic floor. Here are a few examples of instances when you need to see an urogynaecologist:

  • When struggling with urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence can be a very embarrassing problem, but luckily there are several treatments available. It is the involuntary leakage of urine.

One common cause of urinary incontinence is weak pelvic floor muscles. These muscles support the bladder and help to keep urine in.

Childbirth and menopause can both weaken the pelvic floor muscles, but there are exercises that can help to strengthen them. Another treatment option is medication, which can help to relax the bladder muscles and reduce leakage.

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. However, most women are able to find relief with one of these less invasive treatments. If you are experiencing urinary incontinence, talk to your doctor about your treatment options.

  • If you’re dealing with overactive bladder

Overactive bladder is a common condition that occurs when the bladder muscles contract involuntarily, causing a sudden, urgent need to urinate. This can often lead to leakage before you can make it to the toilet in time.

Although an overactive bladder’s exact cause is unknown, it is thought to be related to an imbalance in the neurotransmitters that control bladder muscle contractions. Treatment for an overactive bladder often involves medications that relax the bladder muscles or help to control nerve signals.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct underlying problems that are causing the condition. With proper treatment, most people with overactive bladder are able to manage their symptoms and live normal, active lives.

  • When you experience painful intercourse

There are several reasons why someone might experience pain during intercourse. In some cases, it may be due to a lack of arousal. This can be caused by a number of factors, including stress, anxiety, exhaustion, or even certain medications.

In other cases, the pain may be due to a medical issue. Endometriosis, for example, is a condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of the organ. This can cause painful cramping and bleeding during sex.

If you are experiencing pain during intercourse on a regular basis, it is important to consult with your urogynaecologist in Singapore to find out the cause. With their help, you can find out the cause of your pain and get the treatment you need to enjoy healthy and active sex life.

  • If you get recurrent Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

This is a bacterial infection that can occur anywhere in the urinary system, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Some women experience recurrent UTIs, which can be a sign of an underlying condition.

If you experience three or more UTIs in a year, you should consult with a urogynaecologist to find out the cause. There are several conditions that can lead to recurrent UTIs, such as:

  • Interstitial cystitis (IC)
  • Overactive bladder
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Vaginal prolapse
  • Pelvic organ prolapse

If you are experiencing recurrent UTIs, your urogynaecologist will work with you to find the underlying cause and develop a treatment plan to help you manage the condition.

If left untreated, a UTI can spread to the kidneys and cause more serious health problems. Therefore, it is important to see a doctor if you think you may have a UTI.

A simple urinary tract infection can be treated with antibiotics. However, more severe cases may require hospitalization and IV antibiotics. 

How to Choose the Right Urogynaecologist for You

When you have decided to see a urogynaecologist in Singapore, the next step is choosing the right one. Here are a few tips on how to choose the right urogynaecologist for you:

  • Look for a urogynaecologist who has a specialization in women’s health, not one who has a specialization in men’s health.
  • Find out if the urogynaecologist you are thinking of seeing has experience treating conditions similar to the ones you suffer from.
  • Inquire about the urogynaecologist’s approach to treatment, success rates, and average waiting times.
  • Ask your friends and family members if they know a urogynaecologist. You can also search for one online.
  • Finally, ensure that the urogynaecologist you choose is board-certified

Wapping Up

Many women do not know that urogynaecology is a field of medicine. They may be confused about the difference between urogynaecology and gynaecology.

Both are gynaecological specialities, but urogynaecology focuses on the bladder, kidneys, and urethra, while gynaecology focuses on the female reproductive system. Urogynaecologists are highly trained in the anatomy and function of the organs in the pelvic region. When one of these organs has a problem, it is important to see a Urogynaecologist because they can provide a more detailed and targeted treatment plan than a general gynaecologist.

Our team of urogynaecologists are dedicated to providing you with the highest quality of care possible. We offer a wide range of services, from general urogynaecological care to more specialized services. Contact us today to schedule an appointment.


Dr Ng Kai Lyn – Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist


Mount Elizabeth Novena: 38 Irrawady Road 05-34/35 

Singapore 329563


Hougang: 684 Hougang Ave 8 01-198

Singapore 530684


+65 60 1115 31


Most people suffer from low self-esteem and don’t know how to change this. Having low self-esteem is when someone lacks confidence about who they are and their capabilities. Most times, a person feels inadequate, incompetent, and unloved, but those around them affect how they do things. Additionally, if you have low self-esteem, you are often afraid to make mistakes and let others down. However, the major factor of low self-esteem comes from your own mental state, which in corporation with your inner voice might be telling you that you are not good enough, which is false. 

Several signs can indicate that someone has low self-esteem. If you live in London, it’s important to look for a therapist to help you out. Research for CBT in London will help you know the triggers and how to overcome low self-esteem. This article will explore signs of low self-esteem.

  • Social Withdrawal

When you start declining invitations for functions and meeting up with friends or canceling plans at the last minute because you are afraid to meet people is a sign of low self-esteem. Most people want to stay alone because they are afraid to talk about their lives, which can reinforce anxiety. Contrary to what you might think, socializing helps you discover that you are just ok the way you are.

  • Being Sensitive to Criticism

Most people with low self-esteem are often extra sensitive to criticism. You will take this as a reinforcement to confirm that you are inadequate and incomplete. Some of these criticisms are meant to make you better and help you improve, and also some criticisms are a form of jokes. You need to learn how to tolerate things or help your loved one with low self-estimate to understand that criticism is not so bad.

  • Being Hostile

You have low self-esteem if you get hostile or notice your loved one getting extra hostile as a defence mechanism. You often find yourself attacking others, especially those who might try to criticize you.

  • Physical Symptoms

When you have low self-esteem, your mental and physical health is greatly affected. You often get issues like anxiety, anorexia, and depression, leading to bad habits such as drug abuse and excessive alcohol consumption.

  • Excessive Preoccupation with Personal Problems

Low self-esteem can make you worry much about your own troubles and fail to consider the problems of others. You always view yourself as a victim of situations. Learning about other people’s problems can help you grow and improve your self-esteem as you help them.

How to deal with Low Self-Esteem

There are numerous ways to overcome your low self-esteem. It’s important to have the right mindset to change your behavior. Some of the ways you can cope include:

  • Identify troubling conditions and situation
  • Be Aware of Your Thoughts and Beliefs
  • Adjust Your Mindset
  • Challenge negative or inaccurate thoughts

Wrapping Up:

The above are signs you need to check out to know if you have low self-esteem. Always take precautions and seek help as early as possible before it worsens and affects your health. You can also use the above recommendation to help you cope with depression.

Diabetes is a chronic health condition in which the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to fulfill its needs, resulting in abnormally high blood sugar levels. Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes may cause blood vessel damage, which could lead to heart attack or stroke, chronic renal disease, and eyesight loss may occur. When there are such risks to your health, it’s important that it is detected early and you are immediately treated by a good diabetes doctor. At icareheal, we provide you with the best website for doctors to connect with the right doctors and clinics to help with your health issues. It will definitely be your go to app for doctors who will surely be helpful in your journey for betterment.

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

Although the symptoms vary based on the type of diabetes, many of them are similar, especially in the beginning phases. One major difference is the speed of onset of the various symptoms in type 1 diabetes, which is higher than that of type 2.

Fatigue: Since insulin is necessary to help absorb the glucose in the blood, and in diabetics, insulin is either not produced or unutilized by the body, there is not enough glucose to provide energy to the cells. While the blood sugar levels are high in such patients, they tend to suffer fatigue since there is little uptake of the glucose available by the cells.

Hunger: Despite eating larger quantities, it is likely that patients with diabetes will suffer hunger pangs since the body does not register the nutrition due to lack of processing of the sugar. Diabetics are very often hungry and tired despite regular meals, and this is an indication of a lack of insulin function in the body.

Frequent urination: Since blood sugar is high in cases of diabetes, the body’s renal system is unable to reabsorb much of the water during the digestive process. This causes much of the water to be pushed out as urine, and thus raising the urge to urinate at frequent intervals. The number of times a diabetic has to urinate may often be double or more than the average person without diabetes. It is best not to ignore such a symptom as most often it’s a definitive sign of diabetes.

Thirst: Frequent urination causes the diabetic body to lose water more quickly, thus making the patient perpetually thirsty. Continuous thirst is a typical sign of either renal malfunction or of diabetes, and must not be ignored. It is more concerning if the condition does not subside after some time and is present in a relatively healthy individual.

Blurred vision: Long-term effects of diabetes include blurred vision and often glaucoma. Due to the body’s inability to retain fluids and become dehydrated causes the shape of the lens to change, thus blurring a patient’s vision.

Weight loss: Despite regular meals, the body may be unable to utilize nutrition and may start to burn fat in the absence of sugar. This can lead to unhealthy weight loss problems and is often seen in juvenile diabetics.

How is Hypertension related to Diabetes?

High blood pressure, or hypertension, often occurs alongside diabetes and obesity. Together, these conditions fall under the umbrella of metabolic syndrome. People with metabolic syndrome are at an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases.

Hypertension and diabetes share a number of common causes and risk factors. A person who has one condition is at an increased risk for developing the other. Likewise, a person who has both conditions may find that each condition worsens the other.

Several studies have concluded that diabetes and hypertension often occur together and may share some common causes. These include:

  • sedentary lifestyle with excessive calorie intake
  • Obesity
  • Inflammation
  • oxidative stress
  • insulin resistance

Can diabetes cause hypertension?

A person with diabetes either does not have enough insulin to process glucose or their insulin does not work effectively. Insulin is the hormone that enables the body to process glucose from food and use it as energy.

When a person has insulin problems, glucose cannot enter their cells to provide energy, so it accumulates in the bloodstream instead.

High blood glucose levels can cause widespread damage to tissues and organs, including those that play a key role in maintaining healthy blood pressure. For example, damage to the blood vessels and kidneys can cause blood pressure to rise.

Do people with diabetes have higher rates of hypertension?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that around 47%Trusted Source of adults in the United States have hypertension or are taking medication to manage the condition.

By comparison, the ADA states that 2 in 3 people with diabetes either report hypertension or are taking prescription medication to lower their blood pressure.

The above statistics suggest that people with diabetes have higher rates of hypertension compared to the general population.

Treatment of Diabetes

Different types of diabetic conditions require different treatment methods. The methods are often customized depending on the family history of diabetes, the patient’s overall health, and financial considerations. Diet and lifestyle changes are a major part of the regimen required for the treatment of diabetes, in addition to medication. It

Treatment of diabetes also requires continued monitoring of blood sugar levels and keeping them to levels recommended by a medical specialist along with lifestyle changes. The diet regimen prevents the rapid fluctuations in the blood sugar levels and allows the body to maintain steady levels of glucose in the body, making it easier for the medication to take effect. If type 1 diabetes is suspected by a doctor, it means that the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to metabolize blood sugar, and insulin intake through injections or an insulin pump is required. Depending upon complete diagnosis, the patient may use one or a combination of rapid-acting, regular (short-acting), intermediate acting, long-acting or ultra-long-acting insulin doses. This treatment is also accompanied by exercise, overall lifestyle changes, and dietary modification. This type of diabetes requires monitoring of blood sugar levels several times a day to ensure steady levels and call for assistance in aggravated conditions, or determine the type of insulin intake in case a combination has been prescribed.

Medication for type 2 diabetes may become necessary at an advanced stage; however, in many diabetics, a combination of diet and active lifestyle choices are enough to treat the condition. The medicines work in different ways and include those that increase insulin production in the pancreas, decrease sugar absorption in the intestines, increase insulin efficiency, decrease sugar production by affecting liver function, those that prevent reabsorption of sugar by the renal system or synthetic insulin injections. Very often, a combination of these drugs is used to treat diabetic conditions in patients, and a number of drugs are available in each of the above categories.

Your diabetes doctor will guide you through the process of proper detection, diagnosis, and treatment of your diabetes. It is therefore important to find the right doctor who will be able to help you throughout your time and try to understand you and your illness to provide the right solutions.