Women’s Health Bulletin

Published by: Kowsar

Addiction Among Mothers Referring to Medico-Legal Centers in Fars for Legal Abortion due to Fetal Causes: A Seven- Year Review

Fatemeh Ghodrati 1 , Narjes Saadatmand 2 and Marzieh Akbarzadeh 3 , *
Authors Information
1 PhD, Department of Theology, Faculty of Humanities Science College, Yasouj university, Yasouj, Iran
2 MSc, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
3 Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
Article information
  • Women’s Health Bulletin: January 2018, 5 (1); e12219
  • Published Online: December 9, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 30, 2016
  • Revised: June 18, 2017
  • Accepted: September 25, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/whb.12219

How to Cite: Ghodrati F, Saadatmand N, Akbarzadeh M. Addiction Among Mothers Referring to Medico-Legal Centers in Fars for Legal Abortion due to Fetal Causes: A Seven- Year Review, Women Health Bull. 2018 ; 5(1):e12219. doi: 10.5812/whb.12219.

Copyright © 2017, Women’s Health Bulletin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Roux G, Dingley C, Bush H. Inner strength in women, met synthesis of qualitative findings in theory development. J Theory Constr Test. 2002;
  • 2. Friedman MM, Bowden V, Jones E. Family nursing, research, theory and practice. 2003;
  • 3. Najari F. The evaluation of addiction in female addicts admitted to detoxification centers in Tehran during 2005 and 2006, (in Persian). J Med Council Iran. 2008; 25(4) : 457 -62
  • 4. Salisbury AL, Lester BM, Seifer R, Lagasse L, Bauer CR, Shankaran S, et al. Prenatal cocaine use and maternal depression: effects on infant neurobehavior. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2007; 29(3) : 331 -40 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Burgdorf K, Dowell K, Chen X, Roberts T, Herrell JM. Birth outcomes for pregnant women in residential substance abuse treatment. Eval Program Plann. 2004; 27(2) : 199 -204 [DOI]
  • 6. Ahmadi J, Sharifi M. Prevalence of heroin abuse in Shiraz, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2003; 6(4) : 304 -6
  • 7. Naghizadeh MM, Rezaei Z, Zarei F, Firoozi E, Ahmadi D. Pattern of illegal use of drug in substance abuse control clinic of Fasa, Iran, (2009-2011). J Fasa Univ Med Sci. 2013; 3(4) : 305 -11
  • 8. Jamshidi Manesh M, Soleimanifar P, Hosseini F, Personal MS. Social and economical characteristics of jailed addicted women, (in Persian). Iran J Nurs. 2005; 17(40) : 47 -54
  • 9. United nations office for drug control and crime prevention (UNODC). Global illicit drug trends 2002. 2002; : 213 -58
  • 10. Brown TG, Topp J, Ross D. Rationales, obstacles and strategies for local outcome monitoring systems in substance abuse treatment settings. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003; 24(1) : 31 -42 [PubMed]
  • 11. Suligoi B, Magliochetti N, Nicoletti G, Pezzotti P, Rezza G. Trends in HIV prevalence among drug-users attending public drug-treatment centres in Italy: 1990-2000. J Med Virol. 2004; 73(1) : 1 -6 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Xuan Z, Zhongpeng Y, Yanjun G, Jiaqi D, Yuchi Z, Bing S, et al. Maternal active smoking and risk of oral clefts: a meta-analysis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2016; 122(6) : 680 -90 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Hoyt AT, Canfield MA, Romitti PA, Botto LD, Anderka MT, Krikov SV, et al. Associations between maternal periconceptional exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke and major birth defects. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016; 215(5) : 613 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Zhang D, Cui H, Zhang L, Huang Y, Zhu J, Li X. Is maternal smoking during pregnancy associated with an increased risk of congenital heart defects among offspring? A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017; 30(6) : 645 -57 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Lassi ZS, Imam AM, Dean SV, Bhutta ZA. Preconception care: caffeine, smoking, alcohol, drugs and other environmental chemical/radiation exposure. Reprod Health. 2014; 11 Suppl 3 : 6 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Wasserman CR, Shaw GM, Omalley CD, Tolarova MM, Lammer EJ. Parental cigarette smoking and risk for congenital anomalies of the heart, neural tube, or limb. Teratology. 1996; 53(4) : 261 -7 [DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Ornoy A, Ergaz Z. Alcohol abuse in pregnant women, effects on the fetus and newborn, mode of action and maternal treatment. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010; 7(2) : 364 -79 [DOI][PubMed]

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments