Women’s Health Bulletin

Published by: Kowsar

Health Outcomes Among Garment Workers in Low-Middle Income Countries: A Scoping Review

Syahidatul Khafizah Mohd Hajaraih ORCID 1 , Shelby P. Gordon 1 and Karen M. Tabb 1 , *
Authors Information
1 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, United States
Article information
  • Women’s Health Bulletin: July 1, 2019, 6 (3); e91127
  • Published Online: October 1, 2019
  • Article Type: Review Article
  • Received: March 1, 2019
  • Revised: September 1, 2019
  • Accepted: September 23, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/whb.91127

How to Cite: Mohd Hajaraih S K , Gordon S P, Tabb K M. Health Outcomes Among Garment Workers in Low-Middle Income Countries: A Scoping Review, Women Health Bull. 2019 ; 6(3):e91127. doi: 10.5812/whb.91127.

Copyright © 2019, Women’s Health Bulletin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Context
2. Evidence Acquisition
3. Results
4. Discussions
  • 1. International Labour Organization. World statistic. 2019, [cited 2019 August 9]. Available from: https://www.ilo.org/moscow/areas-of-work/occupational-safety-and-health/WCMS_249278/lang--en/index.htm.
  • 2. Global Burden of Disease Study Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990-2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015;386(9995):743-800. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60692-4. [PubMed: 26063472]. [PubMed Central: PMC4561509].
  • 3. Haagsma JA, Graetz N, Bolliger I, Naghavi M, Higashi H, Mullany EC, et al. The global burden of injury: Incidence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years and time trends from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013. Inj Prev. 2016;22(1):3-18. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041616. [PubMed: 26635210]. [PubMed Central: PMC4752630].
  • 4. London L. Worker health and safety, international issues. International encyclopedia of public health. 2008. p. 617-25. doi: 10.1016/b978-012373960-5.00407-x.
  • 5. Wu Y, Schwebel DC, Hu G. Disparities in unintentional occupational injury mortality between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries: 1990-2016. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(10). doi: 10.3390/ijerph15102296. [PubMed: 30347672]. [PubMed Central: PMC6210857].
  • 6. Manimaran S, Rajalakshmi R, Bhagyalakshmi K. A model of occupational safety and health management system (OSHMS) for promoting and controlling health and safety in textile industry. Technol Health Care. 2015;23(1):1-8. doi: 10.3233/THC-140866. [PubMed: 25351276].
  • 7. Keane J, te Velde DW. The role of textile and clothing industries in growth and development strategies. Investment and Growth Programme Overseas Development Institute; 2008.
  • 8. Singh N. Safety and health issues in workers in clothing and textile industries. Int J Home Sci. 2016;2(3):38-40.
  • 9. Lohmeyer N, Schüßler E. Rana Plaza as a threat to the fast fashion model? An analysis of institutional responses to the disaster in Germany. In: Becker-Leifhold C, Heuer M, editors. Eco-friendly and fair: Fast fashion and consumer behaviour. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing; 2018. p. 3-14. doi: 10.4324/9781351058353-1.
  • 10. Arksey H, O'Malley L. Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. Int J Soc Res Methodol. 2005;8(1):19-32. doi: 10.1080/1364557032000119616.
  • 11. Ashraf HD, Younus MA, Kumar P, Siddiqui MT, Ali SS, Siddiqui MI. Frequency of hearing loss among textile industry workers of weaving unit in Karachi, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc. 2009;59(8):575-9. [PubMed: 19757712].
  • 12. Saha TK, Dasgupta A, Butt A, Chattopadhyay O. Health status of workers engaged in the small-scale garment industry: How healthy are they? Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(1):179-82. doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.62584. [PubMed: 20606949]. [PubMed Central: PMC2888354].
  • 13. Ahmed S, Raihan MZ. Health status of the female workers in the garment sector of Bangladesh. J Faculty Econom Administr Sci. 2014;4(1):43-58.
  • 14. Akinpelu AO, Oyewole OO, Odole AC, Ogunbamowo FD. Work-related musculoskeletal pain and health-seeking behavior among Nigerian sewing machine operators. Trop J Med Res. 2016;19(2):152. doi: 10.4103/1119-0388.185446.
  • 15. Bandyopadhyay L, Baur B, Basu G, Haldar A. Musculoskeletal and other health problems in workers of small scale garment industry – an experience from an urban Slum, Kolkata. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2012;2(6):23-8. doi: 10.9790/0853-0262328.
  • 16. Dantas Ide P, Valera FC, Zappelini CE, Anselmo-Lima WT. Prevalence of rhinitis symptoms among textile industry workers exposed to cotton dust. Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;17(1):26-30. doi: 10.7162/S1809-97772013000100005. [PubMed: 25991990]. [PubMed Central: PMC4423310].
  • 17. Hasnain G, Akter M, Sharafat SI, Mahmuda A. Morbidity patterns, nutritional status, and healthcare-seeking behavior of female garment workers in Bangladesh. Electron Physician. 2014;6(2):801-7. doi: 10.14661/2014.801-807. [PubMed: 25763149]. [PubMed Central: PMC4324275].
  • 18. Hinson AV, Lokossou VK, Schlunssen V, Agodokpessi G, Sigsgaard T, Fayomi B. Cotton dust exposure and respiratory disorders among textile workers at a textile company in the southern part of Benin. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13(9). doi: 10.3390/ijerph13090895. [PubMed: 27618081]. [PubMed Central: PMC5036728].
  • 19. Kebede Deyyas W, Tafese A. Environmental and organizational factors associated with elbow/forearm and hand/wrist disorder among sewing machine operators of garment industry in Ethiopia. J Environ Public Health. 2014;2014:732731. doi: 10.1155/2014/732731. [PubMed: 25298780]. [PubMed Central: PMC4178914].
  • 20. Makurat J, Friedrich H, Kuong K, Wieringa FT, Chamnan C, Krawinkel MB. Nutritional and micronutrient status of female workers in a Garment Factory in Cambodia. Nutrients. 2016;8(11). doi: 10.3390/nu8110694. [PubMed: 27827854]. [PubMed Central: PMC5133081].
  • 21. Mehta R. Major health risk factors prevailing in garment manufacturing units of jaipur. J Ergon. 2012;2(2). doi: 10.4172/2165-7556.1000102.
  • 22. Metgud DC, Khatri S, Mokashi MG, Saha PN. An ergonomic study of women workers in a woolen textile factory for identification of health-related problems. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2008;12(1):14-9. [PubMed: 20040992].
  • 23. Ravichandran SP, Shah PB, Lakshminarayanan K, Ravichandran AP. Musculoskeletal problems among workers in a garment industry, at Tirupur, Tamil Nadu. Indian J Commun Health. 2016;28(3):269-74.
  • 24. Salmani Nodoushan M, Mehrparvar AH, Loukzadeh Z, Rahimian M, Ghove Nodoushan MA, Jafari Nodoushan R. Evaluation of respiratory system in textile-dyeing workers. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014;28:88. [PubMed: 25664289]. [PubMed Central: PMC4301238].
  • 25. Sarder B, Imrhan SN, Mandahawi N. Ergonomic workplace evaluation of an Asian garment-factory. J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 2006;35(1-2):45-51. [PubMed: 18516877].
  • 26. Serinken M, Turkcuer I, Dagli B, Karcioglu O, Zencir M, Uyanik E. Work-related injuries in textile industry workers in Turkey. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2012;18(1):31-6. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2011.54376. [PubMed: 22290047].
  • 27. Silpasuwan P, Prayomyong S, Sujitrat D, Suwan-Ampai P. Cotton dust exposure and resulting respiratory disorders among home-based Garment Workers. Workplace Health Saf. 2016;64(3):95-102. doi: 10.1177/2165079915607495. [PubMed: 26558684].
  • 28. Tiwari RR, Pathak MC, Zodpey SP. Low back pain among textile workers. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2003;7(1):27-9.
  • 29. Van L, Chaiear N, Sumananont C, Kannarath C. Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms among garment workers in Kandal province, Cambodia. J Occup Health. 2016;58(1):107-17. doi: 10.1539/joh.15-0100-FS. [PubMed: 26597050].
  • 30. Berberoglu U, Tokuc B. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders at two textile factories in edirne, Turkey. Balkan Med J. 2013;30(1):23-7. doi: 10.5152/balkanmedj.2012.069. [PubMed: 25207064]. [PubMed Central: PMC4116035].
  • 31. Punnett L, Wegman DH. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: The epidemiologic evidence and the debate. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2004;14(1):13-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.09.015. [PubMed: 14759746].
  • 32. Wang PC, Rempel DM, Harrison RJ, Chan J, Ritz BR. Work-organisational and personal factors associated with upper body musculoskeletal disorders among sewing machine operators. Occup Environ Med. 2007;64(12):806-13. doi: 10.1136/oem.2006.029140. [PubMed: 17522131]. [PubMed Central: PMC2095384].
  • 33. Robbins M, Vickery K. Sick and tired: The impact of gender roles on Garment workers’ health. Made by Women: Gender, the global garment industry and the movement for women workers’ rights”. Amsterdam; 2005. 40 p.
  • 34. Rempel DM, Wang PC, Janowitz I, Harrison RJ, Yu F, Ritz BR. A randomized controlled trial evaluating the effects of new task chairs on shoulder and neck pain among sewing machine operators: The Los Angeles garment study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007;32(9):931-8. doi: 10.1097/01.brs.0000261028.88020.fc. [PubMed: 17450065].
  • 35. Ikhar D, Deshpande VS. Intervention of ergonomics in hand driven cotton spinning operation. Int J Ergon. 2011;1(1):12-9.
  • 36. Vandyck E, Tackie-Ofosu V, Ba-ama E, Senayah W. Effects of ergonomic practices on garment peoduction in Madina, Ghana. Int Res J Art Soc Sci. 2014;3(1):1-7.
  • 37. Erdinc O, Vayvay O. Ergonomics interventions improve quality in manufacturing: A case study. Int J Ind Syst Eng. 2008;3(6):727. doi: 10.1504/ijise.2008.020683.
  • 38. McMullen A. Shop’til they drop: Fainting and malnutrition in Garment workers in Cambodia. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Labour behind the Label; Community Legal Education Centre; 2013.
  • 39. Joseph B, Chanda A, Oommen AA; d'Almeida. Poor intake of selected nutrients by women workers in a garment factory. Health Popul Perspect Issues. 2005;28(1):26-31.
  • 40. Global alliance for improved nutrition. 2017, [cited July 25, 2017]. Available from: http://www.gainhealth.org/.
  • 41. Jahan N, Malek A, Iqbal M, Salahuddin AFM, Akhter S. Health and occupational safety for female workforce of garment industries in Bangladesh. J Mech Eng. 2010;41(1):65-70. doi: 10.3329/jme.v41i1.5364.
  • 42. Yeager R, Goldenberg E. HER project women's health program delivers real business returns. Global Bus Org Excel. 2012;31(2):24-36. doi: 10.1002/joe.21412.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments